Meaning of CLOUD in English

CLOUD

/ klaʊd; NAmE / noun , verb

■ noun

1.

[ C , U ] a grey or white mass made of very small drops of water, that floats in the sky :

The sun went behind a cloud.

The plane was flying in cloud most of the way.

—see also storm cloud , thundercloud

2.

[ C ] a large mass of sth in the air, for example dust or smoke, or a number of insects flying all together

3.

[ C ] something that makes you feel sad or anxious :

Her father's illness cast a cloud over her wedding day.

The only dark cloud on the horizon was that they might have to move house.

He still has a cloud of suspicion hanging over him .

IDIOMS

- every cloud has a silver lining

- on cloud nine

- under a cloud

—more at head noun

■ verb

1.

[ vn ] if sth clouds your judgement, memory, etc., it makes it difficult for you to understand or remember sth clearly :

Doubts were beginning to cloud my mind.

His judgement was clouded by jealousy.

2.

cloud (over) ( formal ) ( of sb's face ) to show sadness, fear, anger, etc.; to make sb look sad, afraid, angry, etc. :

[ v ]

Her face clouded over with anger.

[ vn ]

Suspicion clouded his face.

3.

[ vn ] cloud the issue to make sth you are discussing or considering less clear, especially by introducing subjects that are not connected with it

4.

[ v ] cloud (over) ( of the sky ) to fill with clouds :

It was beginning to cloud over.

5.

[ vn ] to make sth less pleasant or enjoyable :

His last years were clouded by financial worries.

6.

if glass, water, etc. clouds , or if sth clouds it, it becomes less transparent :

[ v ]

Her eyes clouded with tears.

[ vn ]

Steam had clouded the mirror.

••

WORD ORIGIN

Old English clūd mass of rock or earth ; probably related to clot . Sense 1 dates from Middle English .

Oxford Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь для изучающик язык на продвинутом уровне.