Meaning of NAME in English

NAME

I. ˈnām noun

( -s )

Etymology: Middle English, from Old English nama; akin to Old High German & Gothic namo name, Old Norse nafn, Latin nomen, Greek onyma, onoma, Sanskrit nāma

1.

a. : a word or sound or a combination of words or sounds by which an individual or a class of individuals (as persons or things) is regularly known or designated : a distinctive and specific appellation

the name of the boy is Mark

the name of this fruit is apple

metal is the name of a class of substances each of which has an individual name (as gold, silver, lead, copper, iron)

— see legal name

b.

(1) : a word usually with little or no connotation that can serve as the subject of a sentence ; also : the symbolic equivalent of such a word

(2) : a designating or identifying expression

“the smallest prime” and “the proposition that all men are equal” may be construed as names

2. usually capitalized : a symbol of divinity or an actual vehicle of divine attributes

the ascetics testify that this Name has in itself the power of the presence of God — Elizabeth Cram

Name — may mean either character, or manifestations of Jehovah, or Jehovah himself — W.A.Shelton

3.

a. : a descriptive or qualifying appellation based on character, attributes, or acts

his name shall be called Wonderful — Isa 9:6 (Authorized Version)

b. : an unpleasant, vulgar, or offensive appellation often based on some attribute

it is wrong to call names

4.

a. : reputed character : good or bad reputation

had the name of a miser

b. : honorable reputation or illustrious fame

had a name for learning

a name to conjure with

5.

a. : the designation of an individual regarded as his individuality or character

one of the most detested names in history

polio and cancer are among the most dread names today

b. : individuals sharing a name : race , family , clan

c. : a person or thing that is outstanding in importance, prominence, or interest

tried to get several names to give glamor to the party

6. : the appellation of a thing in distinction to the reality : mere seeming

the place was a town in name only

a poet in name but scarcely in production

gradual attrition reduced it to an empty name

7. : the mystic essence, character, or spiritual attribute of a person

- by name

- to one's name

II. transitive verb

( -ed/-ing/-s )

Etymology: Middle English namen, from Old English namian, from nama, n.

1. : to give a distinctive name or appellation to : entitle , denominate , style , call

named the child after her grandmother

2. : to mention or identify by name : utter or publish the name of

name one person who would do such a thing

everyone named him with praise

as

a. : to introduce (as oneself) by name

may I name these gentlemen

b.

(1) : to mention the name of (a member of a legislative body) in formal reprimand — used of the speaker of the house

(2) : to accuse by name

name the villain if you can

c. : to identify by naming

name that tree

: tell over the names of : recognize or recount by name

can name the books of the Bible in perfect order

3. : to appoint specifically or by name : assign to some purpose : nominate

the king named his eldest son to succeed him

let's name an early day for the wedding

4.

a. : to speak about : mention , stipulate , cite , state , quote

will he name a price

refused to name the source of the story

b. : to bring up in conversation : indicate , suggest — usually used with an indefinite it as object

if you don't see what you want, name it

I'll name it to him the next time we meet

Synonyms: see designate , mention

III. adjective

Etymology: name (I)

1. : bearing or intended for a name or names

leather name tag

ornately painted name signs

2.

a. : named in honor or remembrance of another

name child

b. : being the person for whom another is named

name ancestor

3. : giving its or the name to a collection or composition

the anthology opens with the name article

4. : accorded top rank for preeminence in performance under a distinctive name recognized as a mark of celebrity

a name band

a name writer

a name train

5. : bearing a name (as a trade name) accepted by a widely distributed public as the mark of approved or quality products supplied by a particular enterprise

insisting on name brands

sales of name merchandise

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.