Meaning of SHADE in English


I. ˈshād noun

( -s )

Usage: often attributive

Etymology: Middle English, from Old English sceadu; akin to Old High German scato shadow, Gothic skadus, Old Irish scāth shadow, Greek skotos darkness


a. : comparative darkness or obscurity owing to interception of the rays of light : partial or relative darkness caused by the intervention of an opaque body between the space contemplated and the source of light : absence of complete illumination

b. : relative obscurity or retirement

the shade of the convent

qualities cast in the shade


a. : cover provided by the intervention of an opaque body between the space contemplated and the source of heat or light ; especially : shelter from the sun provided by tree foliage


(1) : protective foliage

(2) : protection


a. : a spot not exposed to sunlight : a place sheltered from the sun : ground overshadowed by foliage

having come … to a pleasant shade near a brook — Cedomilj Mijatovic

b. : a secluded retreat : a retired spot : a quiet habitation : an abode sheltered from the world

let us seek out some desolate shade — Shakespeare


a. chiefly dialect : the figure appearing on the part of a surface from which light is cut off : shadow

b. : an evanescent or unreal appearance : a lingering image of something passing away : something that has become reduced almost to nothing

5. shades plural

a. : the shadows which gather as darkness comes on : the growing darkness after sunset

the shades of night were falling fast — H.W.Longfellow

b. : the abode of the dead or of disembodied spirits : netherworld , hades


a. : the soul after its separation from the body : the form of a dead person usually held to be perceptible to the sight although not to the touch : a disembodied spirit : ghost

followed … by the shade of their dead relative — J.G.Frazer

b. : the spirit of a dead or fictional person who would prob. have been startled or horrified by a particular action or situation

7. : something that shades: as

a. : something that intercepts or shelters from light or the direct rays of the sun : something that protects from heat or currents of air : screen , shelter

b. : a protective cover of glass (as for a clock)

c. : a woman's head scarf or veil usually of lace and fashionable during the 18th and 19th centuries


(1) : an appliance of more or less translucent material (as glass, silk, or paper) used chiefly to diminish or to interrupt the flux of a lamp in directions where it is not wanted — compare reflector

(2) : an appliance (as a globe) for protecting a flame or arc lamp from air currents

e. : a device or covering designed to protect the eyes from light — see eyeshade , sunshade

f. : a protective colored or smoked glass interposed between the eye and a bright light (as of the sun)

g. : a flexible screen usually mounted on a roller and used to obstruct or regulate light passing through a window or to obstruct the view through a window from within or without

h. : a usually temporary structure open at the sides and providing shelter especially from the sun


a. : the reproduction of the effect of shade in painting or drawing (as by closely repeated lines or by adding a darker or lighter pigment to a given hue or tint) : absence of complete illumination as represented pictorially

b. : the part of a picture in which shade is represented : the darker color expressing absence of illumination


(1) : a subdued or somber feature or quality (as of a work of art) — often used in plural

lights and shades of the work were captured by the pianist

(2) : a defect of character

implacable resentment is a shade in a character — Jane Austen


a. : a color produced by a pigment or dye mixture having some black pigment or dye in it — compare tint

b. : a color slightly different from the one under consideration

c. : a dye color different from the color under consideration in some way not attributable to variation in strength of the dye used to produce that color


a. : a minute difference or variation (as of thought, belief, or expression) : nuance

leaders of varying shades of political opinion — Drew Middleton

quibble over shades of meaning — Lewis Nichols

b. : the quality or degree of something which is distinguished from others of like kind by slight differences

c. : a minute degree or quantity : a faint adumbration : a minute qualifying infusion : tinge

dropped her voice a shade — Walter O'Meara

sung a shade too loud — Ann M. Lingg

societies only a shade less complicated than our own — Ralph Linton

11. archaic : silhouette

12. : a facial expression of sadness or displeasure : cloud

a shade of displeasure on his brow — Sir Walter Scott

a shade of disappointment seemed to cross his face — Yankee

13. : a shutter in the swell box of a pipe organ

Synonyms: see color

- in the shade

II. verb

( -ed/-ing/-s )

Etymology: Middle English shaden, from shade, n.

transitive verb


a. : to shelter or screen by intercepting radiated light or heat : keep off illumination from : protect from glare or heat

deep porches shaded with bright awnings — American Guide Series: Arkansas

he shaded his eyes with his hands

b. obsolete : to place in the shade : shelter from light or heat

the cattle … lie and shade themselves under their boughs — William Ellis

c. : to cover with a shade

shade a lamp

2. : to hide partly by or as if by a shadow : conceal from view : disguise , screen , veil

3. : to darken with or as if with a shadow

a melancholy smile shaded his face — Sir Walter Scott


a. : to cast into the shade (as by some exhibition of superiority) : surpass by a shade : eclipse , overshadow

a port which is attractive to liners … tends to shade neighboring ports — F.W.Morgan

b. : to dim the brightness or luster of (as good qualities) : obscure


a. : to represent the effect of shade or shadow on (an object)

b. : to add shading to (as a drawing or painting)

c. : to color so that the shades pass gradually from one to another

d. : to mark with gradations of light or color

6. : to change by gradual transition or qualification

7. : to reduce slightly (as the price of anything)

8. : to lower the pitch of (an open organ pipe) by an octave by closing its top

9. : to make (a bid, double, or redouble) in a card game on slightly less than the strength usually required

intransitive verb

1. : to pass by slight changes or imperceptible degrees into something else

work and play shade into each other — H.E.Scudder

the level … cast shades off into the mountains — G.G.Coulton

2. : to undergo or exhibit minute difference or variation (as of color, value, meaning, or expression)

III. transitive verb

( -ed/-ing/-s )

Etymology: Middle English (northern dialect) schaden to distinguish, from Old English scēadan, scādan to divide, separate — more at shed

chiefly Scotland : to make a part in (as the hair)

IV. noun

shades plural : sunglasses

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.