Meaning of STRAIGHT in English

STRAIGHT

I. ˈstrāt, usu -ād.+V adverb

( -er/-est )

Etymology: Middle English streght, streit, from past participle of strecchen to stretch

: without deviation, delay, or other interruption: as

a. : in a manner involving no hesitation or delay : straightway , immediately

come straight home

b. : in a direct and uninterrupted course : without curving or turning aside : directly

the arrow flew straight to the mark

the road ran straight for several miles

also : so as to penetrate usually without deviation from course

bored a hole straight through the wall

the tunnel goes straight through the mountain

c. : with the body erect : upright

sentinel pines stood straight along the crest

d. : in an honest or honorable manner

a man willing to run straight should make a success of this business

swore to go straight if he got out of the mess

e. : without hesitation or equivocation : straightforwardly , openly

straight denied the charge

told him straight we'd stand for no more loafing and neglect

II. adjective

( -er/-est )

Etymology: Middle English streght, streit, straight, from past participle of strecchen to stretch

1.

a. : free from curves, bends, or angles : having no irregularities in course

straight hair

fine straight timber

an unusually straight stream

b. : of, relating to, or constituting a one-dimensional continuum that is determined throughout its length by any two points included in it : taking a course like that of a taut uninterrupted cord made fast at opposite ends : progressing or projected in an unvarying direction

2. : direct , uninterrupted : as

a.

(1) : leading or passing directly from one point to another

sought a straighter way from his home to the office

(2) : holding to a direct or proper course or method : proceeding directly and without disorder or confusion

straight reasoning

a straight thinker

b. : candid , frank , straightforward

a straight speech

a straight answer to the charge

c. : coming directly from a trustworthy source

a straight tip on the horses

d. : composed of elements arranged in some logical order (as of descending values)

following the straight sequence of events

e. : having the cylinders of an internal-combustion engine arranged in a single straight line

f. of type matter : set in ordinary paragraphs of uniform width and without display lines, tabular matter, varied typefaces, or other features that tend to slow production

3. chiefly Scotland , of a mountain : steep

4.

a. : exhibiting no deviation from the vertical or horizontal : not leaning, bending, or inclining

the picture is not quite straight

b. of a cricket bat : held with blade at right angles to the ground

5. : exhibiting no deviation from what is established or accepted as usual, normal, or proper: as

a. : conforming to justice and rectitude : exhibiting truth, fairness, and honesty : upright , fair , virtuous

a straight man of business

known for his straight dealing

b. : properly ordered or arranged : free from irregularity or confusion : correctly kept : correct , neat

in the general confusion, this room alone was straight

his accounts were found to be straight

set the kitchen straight

c. : free from extraneous matter : unmixed , undiluted , unmodified

played a straight old rule game

writes straight humor

d. : making no exceptions or deviations in one's support of something accepted as right (as a principle, policy, party)

a straight Republican

also : cast for all the regular candidates of a party

a straight ballot

e. : having a fixed price for each regardless of the number sold

cigars 10 cents straight

f.

(1) : not deviating from the general norm of human personality — used of dramatic representation or performers

a straight part

an excellent straight actor

(2) of music : played or to be played as written usually without improvisation or syncopation

g. : straight-time

6. : severe , rigid , stern , rigorous

7. of a credit obligation

a. : made without special security or endorsement

b. : repayable in full on a specified maturity date

III. transitive verb

( -ed/-ing/-s )

Etymology: Middle English streghten (Scots strauchten ), from streght straight

1. obsolete : stretch

2. chiefly Scotland : straighten

IV. noun

( -s )

Etymology: straight (II)

1. : something that is straight: as

a. : a straight line or arrangement

the garden was laid out on the straight

b. : a level place, part, or area : plain

c. : a straight extent (as of a road) : straightaway ; especially : the portion of a racetrack between the last turn and the winning post

d. : a true, honest, upright report or way of life : one involving no concealment, trickery, or dishonesty

tell us the straight of it

had been on the straight for several years

e. : a shoe adapted for wear on either foot and made with no deviation in the forepart of the foot in relation to the heel

f. : grain 6d

2.

a. : a sequence (as of shots, strokes, or moves) resulting in a perfect score in a game or contest

b. : first place at the finish of a horse race : win — compare place , show

3. : a combination in a poker hand that consists of five cards in sequence but not all in the same suit and beats three of a kind but loses to a flush — see poker illustration

- out of straight

V. adjective

1. : heterosexual

2. : not using or under the influence of drugs or alcohol

3. : straightbred

VI. noun

1. : one who adheres to conventional attitudes and mores

2. : a nonuser of illicit drugs

3. : heterosexual

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.