Meaning of FILE in English

transcription, транскрипция: [ faɪl ]

( files, filing, filed)

Frequency: The word is one of the 1500 most common words in English.


A file is a box or a folded piece of heavy paper or plastic in which letters or documents are kept.

He sat behind a table on which were half a dozen files.

...a file of insurance papers.



A file is a collection of information about a particular person or thing.

We already have files on people’s tax details, mortgages and poll tax...

You must record and keep a file of all expenses.

N-COUNT : oft N of/on n


If you file a document, you put it in the correct file.

They are all filed alphabetically under author.

VERB : V n


In computing, a file is a set of related data that has its own name.



If you file a formal or legal accusation, complaint, or request, you make it officially.

A number of them have filed formal complaints against the police...

I filed for divorce on the grounds of adultery a few months later.

VERB : V n , V for n


When someone files a report or a news story, they send or give it to their employer.

Catherine Bond filed that report for the BBC from Nairobi...

VERB : V n


When a group of people files somewhere, they walk one behind the other in a line.

Slowly, people filed into the room and sat down.

VERB : V prep / adv


A file is a hand tool which is used for rubbing hard objects to make them smooth, shape them, or cut through them.



If you file an object, you smooth it, shape it, or cut it with a file.

Manicurists are skilled at shaping and filing nails.

VERB : V n


see also nail file , rank and file


Something that is on file or on someone’s files is recorded or kept in a file or in a collection of information.

His fingerprints were on file in Washington...

We’ll keep your details on file...

It is one of the most desperate cases on her files.

PHRASE : v-link PHR , PHR after v


A group of people who are walking or standing in single file are in a line, one behind the other.

We were walking in single file to the lake.

PHRASE : PHR after v

Collins COBUILD Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Английский словарь Коллинз COBUILD для изучающих язык на продвинутом уровне.