Meaning of FILE in English

I. ˈfī(-ə)l noun

Etymology: Middle English, from Old English fēol; akin to Old High German fīla file

Date: before 12th century

1. : a tool usually of hardened steel with cutting ridges for forming or smoothing surfaces especially of metal

2. : a shrewd or crafty person

II. transitive verb

( filed ; fil·ing )

Date: 13th century

: to rub, smooth, or cut away with or as if with a file

III. transitive verb

( filed ; fil·ing )

Etymology: Middle English, from Old English fȳlan, from fūl foul

Date: before 12th century

chiefly dialect : defile , corrupt

IV. verb

( filed ; fil·ing )

Etymology: Middle English, from Medieval Latin filare to string documents on a string or wire, from filum file of documents, literally, thread, from Latin; akin to Armenian ǰil sinew

Date: 15th century

transitive verb

1. : to arrange in order for preservation and reference

file letters


a. : to place among official records as prescribed by law

file a mortgage

b. : to send (copy) to a newspaper

filed a story

c. : to return to the office of the clerk of a court without action on the merits

3. : to initiate (as a legal action) through proper formal procedure

threatened to file charges

intransitive verb

1. : to register as a candidate especially in a primary election

2. : to place items in a file

3. : to submit documents necessary to initiate a legal proceeding

file for bankruptcy

• fil·er ˈfī-lər noun

V. noun

Date: 1525

1. : a device (as a folder, case, or cabinet) by means of which papers are kept in order


a. archaic : roll , list

b. : a collection of papers or publications usually arranged or classified


(1) : a collection of related data records (as for a computer)

(2) : a complete collection of data (as text or a program) treated by a computer as a unit especially for purposes of input and output

- on file

VI. noun

Etymology: Middle French, from filer to spin, draw out, from Late Latin filare, from Latin filum

Date: 1598

1. : single file

2. : any of the rows of squares that extend across a chessboard from one player's side to the other player's side

VII. intransitive verb

( filed ; filing )

Date: 1614

: to march or proceed in single file

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.