1》 a folder or box for keeping loose papers together and in order.
2》 Computing a collection of data or programs stored under a single identifying name.
1》 place (a document) in a ~.
↘submit (a legal document, application, or charge) to be officially placed on record.
2》 (of a reporter) send (a story) to a newspaper or news organization.
ME (as a verb meaning 'string documents on a thread or wire'): from Fr. ~r 'to string', fil 'a thread', both from L. filum 'a thread'.
1》 a line of people or things one behind another.
2》 Military a small detachment of men.
3》 Chess each of the eight rows of eight squares on a chessboard running away from the player towards the opponent. Compare with rank 1 (in sense 6).
■ verb (of a group) walk one behind the other.
C16: from Fr. ~ , from ~r 'to string'.
■ noun a tool with a roughened surface or surfaces, used for smoothing or shaping a hard material.
■ verb smooth or shape with a ~.
OE fīl , of W. Gmc origin.