Meaning of JUMP in English

JUMP

transcription, транскрипция: [ dʒʌmp ]

( jumps, jumping, jumped)

Frequency: The word is one of the 1500 most common words in English.

1.

If you jump , you bend your knees, push against the ground with your feet, and move quickly upwards into the air.

I jumped over the fence...

I’d jumped seventeen feet six in the long jump, which was a school record...

Whoever heard of a basketball player who doesn’t need to jump?

VERB : V prep / adv , V n , V

Jump is also a noun.

She was taking tiny jumps in her excitement.

N-COUNT

2.

If you jump from something above the ground, you deliberately push yourself into the air so that you drop towards the ground.

He jumped out of a third-floor window...

I jumped the last six feet down to the deck.

= leap

VERB : V prep / adv , V n , also V

3.

If you jump something such as a fence, you move quickly up and through the air over or across it.

He jumped the first fence beautifully.

VERB : V n

4.

If you jump somewhere, you move there quickly and suddenly.

Adam jumped from his seat at the girl’s cry...

VERB : V prep / adv

5.

If something makes you jump , it makes you make a sudden movement because you are frightened or surprised.

The phone shrilled, making her jump.

VERB : V

6.

If an amount or level jumps , it suddenly increases or rises by a large amount in a short time.

Sales jumped from $94 million to over $101 million...

The number of crimes jumped by ten per cent last year...

Shares in Euro Disney jumped 17p.

VERB : V to/from amount , V by amount , V amount

Jump is also a noun.

...a big jump in energy conservation.

N-COUNT : with supp , usu N in n

7.

If someone jumps a queue, they move to the front of it and are served or dealt with before it is their turn. ( BRIT )

The prince refused to jump the queue for treatment at the local hospital.

VERB : V n

8.

If you jump at an offer or opportunity, you accept it quickly and eagerly.

Members of the public would jump at the chance to become part owners of the corporation.

VERB : no cont , V at n

9.

If someone jumps on you, they quickly criticize you if you do something that they do not approve of.

A lot of people jumped on me about that, you know.

VERB : V on n

10.

If someone jumps you, they attack you suddenly or unexpectedly. ( mainly AM INFORMAL )

Half a dozen sailors jumped him.

VERB : V n

11.

see also bungee jumping , high jump , long jump , queue-jumping , show jumping , triple jump

12.

If you get a jump on something or someone or get the jump on them, you gain an advantage over them. ( AM )

Helicopters helped fire crews get a jump on the blaze...

PHRASE : V inflects , PHR n

13.

to jump on the bandwagon: see bandwagon

to jump bail: see bail

to jump to a conclusion: see conclusion

to jump the gun: see gun

to jump for joy: see joy

Collins COBUILD Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Английский словарь Коллинз COBUILD для изучающих язык на продвинутом уровне.