Meaning of JUMP in English
/ dʒʌmp; NAmE / verb , noun
MOVE OFF / TO GROUND
to move quickly off the ground or away from a surface by pushing yourself with your legs and feet :
[ v ]
to jump into the air / over a wall / into the water
'Quick, jump!' he shouted.
The children were jumping up and down with excitement.
She jumped down from the chair.
The pilot jumped from the burning plane (= with a parachute ) .
[ vn ]
She has jumped 2.2 metres.
PASS OVER STH
[ vn ] to pass over sth by jumping :
Can you jump that gate?
His horse fell as it jumped the last hurdle.
I jumped my horse over all the fences.
[ v + adv. / prep. ] to move quickly and suddenly :
He jumped to his feet when they called his name.
She jumped up and ran out of the room.
Do you want a ride? Jump in.
[ v ] to make a sudden movement because of surprise, fear or excitement :
A loud bang made me jump.
Her heart jumped when she heard the news.
[ v ] to rise suddenly by a large amount
SYN leap :
Prices jumped by 60% last year.
Sales jumped from $2.7 billion to $3.5 billion.
[ v ] jump (about) (from sth to sth) to change suddenly from one subject to another :
I couldn't follow the talk because he kept jumping about from one topic to another.
The story then jumps from her childhood in New York to her first visit to London.
[ vn ] to leave out sth and pass to a further point or stage :
You seem to have jumped several steps in the argument.
OF MACHINE / DEVICE
[ v ] to move suddenly and unexpectedly, especially out of the correct position :
The needle jumped across the dial.
The film jumped during projection.
jump (on) sb ( informal ) to attack sb suddenly :
[ vn ]
The thieves jumped him in a dark alleyway.
[also v ]
[ vn ] ( NAmE ) to get on a vehicle very quickly :
to jump a bus
[ vn ] ( NAmE ) = jump-start
be jumping ( informal ) to be very lively :
The bar's jumping tonight.
- be jumping up and down
- jump down sb's throat
- jump the gun
- jump the lights
- jump out of your skin
- jump the queue
- jump the rails
- jump ship
- jump through hoops
- jump to it
—more at bandwagon , conclusion , deep adjective
- jump at sth
SYN leap at
- jump in
- jump on sb
- jump out at sb
an act of jumping :
a jump of over six metres
The story takes a jump back in time.
Somehow he survived the jump from the third floor of the building.
to do a parachute jump
a ski jump champion
I sat up with a jump (= quickly and suddenly) .
The negotiations took a jump forward yesterday (= they made progress) .
—see also high jump , long jump , ski jump , triple jump
a barrier like a narrow fence that a horse or a runner has to jump over in a race or competition :
The horse fell at the last jump.
—picture at showjumping
jump (in sth) a sudden increase in amount, price or value :
a 20 per cent jump in pre-tax profits
unusually large price jumps
- to keep, etc. one jump ahead (of sb)
—more at high jump , running adjective
early 16th cent. (in the sense be moved or thrown with a sudden jerk ): probably imitative of the sound of feet coming into contact with the ground.
Oxford Advanced Learner's English Dictionary. Оксфордский английский словарь для изучающик язык на продвинутом уровне. 2005