Meaning of JUMP in English

JUMP

I. ˈjəmp verb

( -ed/-ing/-s )

Etymology: probably akin to Swedish gumpa to jump, Low German gumpen

intransitive verb

1.

a.

(1) : to move or throw itself into or through the air

a pretty stream jumping and twisting down to sea

: rear

the light jumped up — Guy McCrone

(2) : to rise and fall agitatedly or abruptly

the formerly placid waters were … jumping — Francis Birtles

the snow jumped in tiny cloud puffs — Victor Canning

b.

(1) : to spring free from the ground or some other environing medium by the muscular action of the feet and legs or in some animals the tail : project oneself through the air : spring , leap , hop

a trout will jump several feet — John Burroughs

jumped on a moving bus

jumped out of bed

jumped down from the tree

also : to rise to one's feet with a bound or other energetic movement

jumped up and vigorously protested the chairman's action

(2) : to make a sudden spasmodic movement as a result of surprise or other nervous shock : start

jumped at his unexpected entry

(3) in board games : to move over a position occupied by an opponent's man to a vacant one beyond and capture the man (as in checkers) or to so move merely to facilitate progress to one's goal (as in Chinese checkers)

(4) : to pass over a regular or proper stopping point : skip

this typewriter jumps and needs repairing

(5) of a published item : to continue from one column or page to another

(6) : to undergo a vertical or lateral displacement owing to improper alignment of the film on a projector mechanism

images jump on the screen

(7) : to drop from an airborne airplane with a parachute

(8) : to commence or launch upon a drive, march, expedition, or other enterprise : start out : begin — used with off

the campaign jumped off to a good start

jumped off for the distant mining country

specifically : to start forward in a military attack

at 11:01 a.m. the assault companies jumped off — P.W.Thompson

the attack jumped off in good weather — Military Engineer

(9) : to move, obey, or act with energy or alacrity : hustle

when he spoke he expected people to jump — T.O.Thoman

said he wanted them to jump to it — Earle Birney

the first thing the new bureaucrat learns is this: when the phone rings — jump — Newsweek

2. : coincide , agree , accord — usually used with with

it jumps with my humor — Shakespeare

that choice jumps with the spirit of the age — J.C.Powys

3.

a.

(1) : to pass or move haphazardly or aimlessly from one thing or state to another : shift abruptly

the author jumps from region to region — Geographical Journal

jumping from job to job — Albert Deutsch

(2) : to change or abandon employment especially in violation of contract

jumped to the Mexican League … and drew a five-year ban — Springfield (Massachusetts) Daily News

jumped without notice — Fred Bradna & Hartzell Spence

(3) : to rise or climb abruptly from one rank, status, or condition to another often with omission of intermediate stages

jumped rapidly from captain through all the grades to colonel — H.H.Arnold & I.C.Eaker

jumped from the Stone Age to the Iron Age without any intervening copper or bronze culture period — R.W.Murray

(4) : to increase suddenly and sharply

recruiting began to jump that very evening — W.G.Shepherd

population is jumping — W.A.Bridges

(5) : to make a jump bid in bridge

b.

(1) : to make a judgment precipitately or without careful study of one's premises : make a mental leap

inclined to jump from some general observation to the first possible solution — W.J.Reilly

before you jump to that happy but unwarranted assumption — S.L.Payne

no impressionist who jumps hastily to conclusions — C.I.Glicksberg

(2) : to accept eagerly : take quick or immediate advantage — usually used with at

jumped at the job

jumped at the chance

(3) : to join, enter, or intervene with eagerness or alacrity — usually used with in or into

as unhealthy as if … the military jumped in, in the recognition that a literate and educated population was important for the quality of future draftees — R.L.Meier & Eugene Rabinowitch

jumped into this … business on twenty-four hour notice — F.D.Roosevelt

and in such phrases as jump aboard

finally jumped aboard bolshevism — A.M.Rosenthal

and jump on the bandwagon

exhibiting a desire to jump on the bandwagon — M.F.A.Montagu

4.

a. : to attack suddenly or without warning : pounce — often used with on or upon

jumped upon them without reason — Pasadena (Calif.) Independent

b. : to give a tongue-lashing : level severe criticism or censure

jumped all over me for it

— often used with on or upon

people who jump on modern poetry as obscure — Time

or in the phrase jump down one's throat

whenever I opened my mouth he jumps down my throat — W.S.Gilbert

5.

a. : swing

the jazz they do blow is interesting and jumps — Metronome Yearbook

whole thing jumps splendidly — Jazz Journal

b. : to be very lively : bustle with gaiety or activity

the joint was really jumping with kids — Maritta Wolff

the town was jumping — Springfield (Massachusetts) Daily News

the place is beginning to jump already — Chandler Brossard

Saturday night jumped — Langston Hughes

transitive verb

1.

a.

(1) : to pass over or across (a space or object) by or as if by a spring or leap : clear

jump a brook

jump a hurdle

took eight years before field trials jumped the Atlantic — W.F.Brown b. 1903

often jump the border again the same day — New York Times

(2) obsolete : to expose to danger : risk , hazard

jump a body with dangerous physic — Shakespeare

b. in board games : to move over (a man) by jumping

c.

(1) : to skip over or pass by : bypass

the transmission of certain characteristics may jump one or more … generations — Henry Wynmalen

jump electrical connections

(2) : to continue (as a newspaper story or article) from one column or page to another

(3) : anticipate

jump the green light

jump the gun

d.

(1) : to escape or run away from

couldn't jump his color — Thurston Scott

(2) : to abandon or leave especially hastily or furtively

jump town without paying their bills — Hamilton Basso

jumped their reservation and were on the warpath — P.A.Rollins

(3) : to leave (employment) especially in violation of contract or other obligation : breach (a labor contract) by leaving or taking other employment

draft-age men jumping essential war jobs — Newsweek

wanted to jump the show — Fred Bradna & Hartzell Spence

jumped ship and settled in the United States — David Dodge

jumped their indentures and bobbed up as journeymen in distant cities — Newsweek

jump contract when tempted by more money — Harriot B. Barbour

(4) : to turn off from (one's normal or appointed track or course)

streams that jumped their beds in the flood — Springfield (Massachusetts) Union

a train jumped the track

(5) : to get aboard typically by jumping

jumped a freight and rode it to town

jump a crowded bus — W.J.Finn

2.

a.

(1) : to attack suddenly or unexpectedly : pounce upon

thought he was snooping around and jumped him — Lillian Hellman

intended to jump him, sitting or no — Shelby Foote

suddenly jumped by an enemy patrol party — Ed Cunningham

specifically : to attack (a target) suddenly with military aircraft

(2) : to scold or criticize severely : assail verbally : bawl out

that she would never do … unless she were jumped into it — F.M.Ford

— often used with out

jumped the little foreman out — Ross Santee

went down to jump the inspector out — F.B.Gipson

b. : to seize or take possession of in violation of another's rights : occupy illegally

jump another man's claim

jumping an assignment for the first time in his life — Michael Foster

c. : to have coitus with — usually considered vulgar

3.

a.

(1) : to cause to jump

the wind can jump those flames one mile or five — Stirling Silliphant

it jumps me out of bed — J.W.Noble

had to jump her from the stiles — Jane Austen

(2) : to cause (game) to break cover : start , flush

jumped a mule deer — D.C.Peattie

(3) : to come upon suddenly

jumped the trail and took cover — H.L.Davis

b.

(1) : to elevate in rank especially by skipping intermediate ranks

one of many junior officers jumped several ranks to fill the void — Newsweek

jumped him from instructor to full professor in two years — Time

(2) : to raise (a bridge partner's bid) by more than one rank

(3) : to increase especially swiftly or sharply

jumped admission prices from fifty cents to a dollar — F.B.Gipson

4. : to bore with a jumper (as in quarrying)

Synonyms:

jump , leap , spring , bound , vault , and saltate mean, in common, to project oneself upward or through space by or as if by quick muscle action. jump , the most general, implies a muscular propelling, or any action resembling a muscular propelling, of the body upward or to a spot other than the one one is in, whether upward, on a level, or below one, or over some obstacle

jump with fright

jump three feet across a brook

jump up onto a platform

jump down from the truck

jump over a wall

leap , often interchangeable with jump , generally suggests a much greater muscular propulsion or a more spectacular result

leap a high fence

leap down from a platform

go leaping across a field

spring adds to jump or leap the idea of elasticity, lightness, or grace, stressing more the movement than the going to or over

spring up into the air

spring out of a cage

a deer springing across the open field

bound , like spring , emphasizes the movement but suggests vigor or strength and, often, a consequent forceful speed achieved by fast successive leaps forward

a herd of antelope bounding gracefully across the plain

the speaker, a large vigorous man, came bounding down the aisle and up onto the stage

vault suggests a leap upward or over something with the aid of the hands laid on an object or with similar assistance

rose to his feet … grabbed the sturdy milking stool by one leg, vaulted the fence, and plunged into the woods — C.G.D.Roberts

an acrobat … was vaulting over chair backs — Margaret Deland

saltate implies a jumping or leaping from place to place as in certain ballet movements

- jump bail

- jump over the broomstick

- jump rope

- jump the queue

- jump the traces

II. adverb

obsolete : exactly , pat

III. ˈjəmp noun

( -s )

1.

a.

(1) : an act of jumping : leap , spring , bound

cleared the fence with a running jump

(2) : any of several sports competitions featuring a leap, spring, or bound — see broad jump , high jump

(3) : a space cleared or traversed by a leap

(4) : an obstacle to be jumped over (as on the course of a steeplechase) simulating natural obstructions met in fox hunting and of varied construction, dimensions, and number

b.

(1) : a sudden spasmodic movement (as from surprise or other nervous shock) : start , twitch

gave a jump as she entered the room

(2) jumps plural : fidgets, willies , nervousness

this place fairly gives me the jumps — G.K.Chesterton

just got the jumps, I guess — Gore Vidal

c. in board games : a move made by jumping

d. : a descent by parachute from an airplane

e. : an act of coitus — usu considered vulgar

2. obsolete

a. : a critical point or crisis

b. : venture , hazard

3.

a.

(1) : a movement made by the tube of a gun before a fired projectile leaves the muzzle

(2) : a vertical deviation of the path of the trajectory from the line of elevation

b. : an abrupt interruption of level in a piece of brickwork or masonry

c.

(1) : bore IV

(2) : breaker 3a

d.

(1) : a sharp or sudden increase

the jump in the size of the entering freshman class — J.K.Folger

(2) : jump bid

(3) : a sudden change : a qualitative or quantitative leap : an abrupt transition

social progress proceeds by jumps

the jump from the liquid to the gaseous state

(4) : the continuation of a published item (as a newspaper story or article) from one column or page to another ; also : the portion of a published item comprising such a continuation — compare breakover

e.

(1) : a quick or short journey especially by air : hop

reluctant to start a new round of … plane jumps — Newsweek

a convenient one-night jump from either St. Louis or Memphis — American Guide Series: Arkansas

(2) : one in a series of moves from one place to another

usually going farther west at each jump — Dixon Wecter

kept one jump ahead of the sheriff

4. : an advantage especially in time : start — usually used in the phrase get the jump

might get the jump on the United States in the development of nuclear power — New York Times

desirous of getting the jump on the competition — Elmer Davis

Synonyms:

jump , leap , spring , bound , and vault signify a single movement achieved by the corresponding action signified by the verb. saltation may indicate a sequence or group of such actions

Synonym: see in addition jump I.

- on the jump

IV. adjective

Etymology: probably from jump (II)

1. obsolete : exact , fitting , precise

2. : constituting a jump bid in bridge

jump response

3. : swing

a jump band

V. ˈju̇mp, ˈjəmp noun

( -s )

Etymology: probably alteration of jupe

1. dialect Britain : a loose jacket for men

2. dialect Britain : an underbodice worn usually instead of stays by women — usually used in plural

VI. intransitive verb

: to go from one sequence of instructions in a computer program to another

jump to a subroutine

- jump ship

VII. noun

1. : a transfer from one sequence of instructions in a computer program to a different sequence

conditional jump

2. : jazz music with a fast tempo

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.