Meaning of JUMP in English


I. verb Etymology: probably akin to Low German gumpen to ~ Date: 1530 intransitive verb 1. to spring into the air ; leap , to move suddenly or involuntarily ; start , to move over a position occupied by an opponent's piece in a board game often thereby capturing the piece, to undergo a vertical or lateral displacement owing to improper alignment of the film on a projector mechanism, to start out or forward ; begin , to move energetically ; hustle , to go from one sequence of instructions in a computer program to another , coincide , agree , 3. to move haphazardly or irregularly ; shift abruptly , to change or abandon employment especially in violation of contract, to rise suddenly in rank or status, to undergo a sudden sharp change in value , to make a ~ in bridge, to make a hurried judgment , to show eagerness , to enter eagerly , to make a sudden physical or verbal attack , to bustle with activity , transitive verb 1. to leap over , to move over (a piece) in a board game, to act, move, or begin before (as a signal) , to leap aboard , risk , hazard , 3. to escape from ; avoid , to leave hastily or in violation of contract , to depart from (a normal course) , 4. to make a sudden physical or verbal attack on, to occupy illegally , 5. a. to cause to leap, to cause (game) to break cover ; start , flush , to elevate in rank or status, to raise (a bridge partner's bid) by more than one rank, to increase suddenly and sharply, II. adverb Date: 1539 exactly , pat , III. noun Date: circa 1552 1. a. an act of ~ing ; leap , any of several sports competitions featuring a leap, spring, or bound, a leap in figure skating in which the skater leaves the ice with both feet and turns in the air, a space cleared or covered by a leap, an obstacle to be ~ed over or from, a sudden involuntary movement ; start , a move made in a board game by ~ing, a transfer from one sequence of instructions in a computer program to a different sequence , venture , 3. a. a sharp sudden increase, a bid in bridge of more tricks than are necessary to overcall the preceding bid, an abrupt change or transition, c. a quick short journey, one in a series of moves from one place to another, the portion of a published item (as a newspaper article or story) that comprises the continuation of an item that begins on a preceding page, an advantage at the start , jazz music with a fast tempo

Merriam Webster. Explanatory English dictionary Merriam Webster.      Толковый словарь английского языка Мерриам-Уэбстер.