Meaning of BLAZE in English

BLAZE

I. blaze 1 /bleɪz/ BrE AmE noun

[ Sense 1-6: Language: Old English ; Origin: blæse 'torch' ]

[ Sense 7: Date: 1600-1700 ; Language: German ; Origin: blas 'white mark' ]

1 . FIRE

a) [countable usually singular] a big dangerous fire – used especially in news reports ⇨ ablaze :

It took almost 100 firemen to bring the blaze under control.

fight/tackle/control a blaze

Helicopters were used to help fight the blaze.

house/factory/barn etc blaze

a huge chemical factory blaze

b) [singular] a fire burning with strong bright flames:

I lit the fire and soon had a cheerful blaze going.

2 . LIGHT/COLOUR [singular] very bright light or colour ⇨ ablaze

blaze of

the blaze of light from the security lamps

The garden is a blaze of colour at this time of year.

3 . blaze of publicity/glory a lot of public attention or success and praise:

As soon as the trial was over, the blaze of publicity surrounding him vanished.

She played the Canada tournament, then retired, going out in a blaze of glory (=ending her career with a lot of success and praise) .

4 . [singular] a sudden show of very strong emotion:

A blaze of anger flashed across his face.

5 . what the blazes/who the blazes etc old-fashioned spoken used to emphasize a question when you are annoyed:

What the blazes is going on here?

6 . like blazes old-fashioned spoken as fast, as much, or as strongly as possible:

We had to run like blazes.

7 . [countable usually singular] a white mark, especially one down the front of a horse’s face

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COLLOCATIONS

■ verbs

▪ fight a blaze

Nearly 80 firefighters fought the blaze for three hours on Sunday.

▪ tackle a blaze British English (=fight it)

Fire crews were called out to tackle a blaze at a house near York.

▪ control a blaze

It took more than an hour to control the blaze at the hotel.

▪ bring a blaze under control

For more than four hours they battled to bring the blaze under control.

▪ put out/extinguish a blaze

Staff managed to put out the blaze before firemen arrived.

▪ a blaze breaks out ( also a blaze starts )

The blaze broke out on the third floor of the building.

▪ a blaze spreads

The blaze quickly spread to a neighbouring house.

■ NOUN + blaze

▪ a house/factory/car etc blaze (=a burning house/factory/car etc)

Three people were badly hurt in a house blaze.

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THESAURUS

▪ fire flames that burn in an uncontrolled way and destroy or damage things:

In April, a fire at the school destroyed the science block.

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a forest fire

▪ flames the bright parts of a fire that you see burning in the air:

The flames from the burning building were lighting up the night sky.

▪ blaze written a large and dangerous fire – used especially in news reports:

Firemen fought to keep the blaze under control.

▪ inferno written an extremely large and dangerous fire which is out of control – used especially in news reports:

The entire building was on fire and hundreds of people were trapped in the inferno.

▪ conflagration /ˌkɒnfləˈɡreɪʃ ə n $ ˌkɑːn-/ formal a very large fire that destroys a lot of buildings, trees etc:

The conflagration spread rapidly through the old town.

II. blaze 2 BrE AmE verb [intransitive]

[ Sense 1-4, 6: Date: 1200-1300 ; Origin: ⇨ ↑ blaze 1 (1) ]

[ Sense 5: Date: 1700-1800 ; Origin: blaze 'mark showing a path to be followed, made by cutting a piece from a tree' (17-20 centuries) ; ⇨ ↑ blaze 1 (7) ]

1 . FIRE to burn very brightly and strongly ⇨ blazing :

The room was warm, with a fire blazing in the hearth.

2 . LIGHT to shine with a very bright light:

A huge truck was advancing towards us, its headlights blazing.

The sun blazed down as we walked along the valley.

3 . EYES [usually in progressive] literary if someone’s eyes are blazing, their eyes are shining brightly because they are feeling a very strong emotion, usually anger

blaze with

Linda leapt to her feet, her dark eyes blazing with anger.

4 . GUN ( also blaze away ) if guns blaze, they fire bullets quickly and continuously:

An enemy plane roared overhead, its guns blazing.

5 . blaze a trail to develop or do something new and important, or to do something important that no one has done before:

an innovative young company that has blazed a trail for others to follow

6 . be blazed across/all over something if something is blazed across a newspaper etc, it is written in a way that everyone will notice:

News of their divorce was blazed across all the tabloids.

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English.      Longman - Словарь современного английского языка.