Meaning of FOLD in English


I. fold 1 W3 /fəʊld $ foʊld/ BrE AmE verb

[ Word Family: verb : ↑ fold , ↑ unfold ; noun : ↑ fold , ↑ folder ; adjective : folded, ↑ folding ]

[ Language: Old English ; Origin: fealdan ]

1 . BEND [transitive] to bend a piece of paper, cloth etc by laying or pressing one part over another:

Fold the paper along the dotted line.

It’ll fit in if you fold it in half.

fold something over/under/down etc

Spoon the filling onto the dough, fold it over, and press down the edges.

2 . SMALLER/NEATER [transitive] ( also fold up ) to fold something several times so that it makes a small neat shape ⇨ unfold :

I wish you kids would fold up your clothes!

He folded the map neatly.

3 . FURNITURE ETC [intransitive and transitive] if something such as a piece of furniture folds, or you fold it, you make it smaller or move it to a different position by bending it:

The chairs fold flat for storage.

fold (something) away/up/down etc

a useful little bed that folds away when you don’t need it

Can you fold the shutters back?

⇨ ↑ folding

4 . fold your arms to bend your arms so that they rest together against your body:

George stood silently with his arms folded.

5 . BUSINESS [intransitive] ( also fold up ) if an organization folds, it closes because it does not have enough money to continue

6 . COVER [transitive always + adverb/preposition] to cover something, especially by wrapping it in material or putting your hand over it

fold something in something

a silver dagger folded in a piece of white cloth

7 . fold somebody in your arms literary to hold someone closely by putting your arms around them

fold something ↔ in ( also fold something into something ) phrasal verb

to gently mix another substance into a mixture when you are preparing food:

Next, fold in the sugar.

II. fold 2 BrE AmE noun [countable]

[ Word Family: verb : ↑ fold , ↑ unfold ; noun : ↑ fold , ↑ folder ; adjective : folded, ↑ folding ]

[ Sense 1,2,5: Date: 1200-1300 ; Origin: ⇨ ↑ fold 1 ]

[ Sense 3,4: Language: Old English ; Origin: falod ]

1 . LINE a line made in paper or material when you fold one part of it over another:

Bend back the card and cut along the fold.

2 . SKIN/MATERIAL [usually plural] the folds in material, skin etc are the loose parts that hang over other parts of it:

Her dress hung in soft folds.

3 . the fold the group of people that you belong to and share the same beliefs and ideas as

return to/come back into the fold

The Church will welcome him back into the fold.

stray from/leave the fold

a former advocate of free market economics who had strayed from the fold

4 . SHEEP a small area of a field surrounded by a wall or fence where sheep are kept for safety SYN pen ⇨ corral

5 . ROCK technical a bend in layers of rock, caused by underground movements in the earth

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English.      Longman - Словарь современного английского языка.