Meaning of FOLD in English

FOLD

1. v. & n.

--v.

1. tr. a bend or close (a flexible thing) over upon itself. b (foll. by back, over, down) bend a part of (a flexible thing) in the manner specified (fold down the flap).

2 intr. become or be able to be folded.

3 tr. (foll. by away, up) make compact by folding.

4 intr. (often foll. by up) colloq. a collapse, disintegrate. b (of an enterprise) fail; go bankrupt.

5 tr. poet. embrace (esp. fold in the arms or to the breast).

6 tr. (foll. by about, round) clasp (the arms); wrap, envelop.

7 tr. (foll. by in) mix (an ingredient with others) using a gentle cutting and turning motion.

--n.

1. the act or an instance of folding.

2 a line made by or for folding.

3 a folded part.

4 a hollow among hills.

5 Geol. a curvature of strata.

Phrases and idioms:

fold one's arms place one's arms across the chest, side by side or entwined. fold one's hands clasp them. folding door a door with jointed sections, folding on itself when opened. folding money esp. US colloq. banknotes. fold-out an oversize page in a book etc. to be unfolded by the reader.

Derivatives:

foldable adj.

Etymology: OE falden, fealden f. Gmc 2. n. & v.

--n.

1. SHEEPFOLD.

2 a body of believers or members of a Church.

--v.tr. enclose (sheep) in a fold.

Etymology: OE fald

Oxford English vocab.      Оксфордский английский словарь.