Meaning of FOLD in English

FOLD

I. ˈfōld noun

Etymology: Middle English, from Old English falod; akin to Old Saxon faled enclosure

Date: before 12th century

1. : an enclosure for sheep

2.

a. : a flock of sheep

b. : a group of people or institutions that share a common faith, belief, activity, or enthusiasm

II. transitive verb

Date: before 12th century

: to pen up or confine (as sheep) in a fold

III. verb

Etymology: Middle English, from Old English fealdan; akin to Old High German faldan to fold, Greek di plasios twofold

Date: before 12th century

transitive verb

1. : to lay one part over another part of

fold a letter

2. : to reduce the length or bulk of by doubling over

fold a tent

3. : to clasp together : entwine

fold the hands

4. : to clasp or enwrap closely : embrace

5. : to bend (as a layer of rock) into folds

6.

a. : to incorporate (a food ingredient) into a mixture by repeated gentle overturnings without stirring or beating

b. : to incorporate closely

7.

a. : to concede defeat by withdrawing (one's cards) from play (as in poker)

b. : to bring to an end

intransitive verb

1. : to become doubled or pleated

2. : to fail completely : collapse ; especially : to go out of business

3. : to fold one's cards (as in poker)

• fold·able ˈfōl-də-bəl adjective

IV. noun

Date: 13th century

1. : a part doubled or laid over another part : pleat

2. : something that is folded together or that enfolds

3.

a. : a bend or flexure produced in rock by forces operative after the depositing or consolidation of the rock

b. chiefly British : an undulation in the landscape

4. : a margin apparently formed by the doubling upon itself of a flat anatomical structure (as a membrane)

5. : a crease made by folding something (as a newspaper)

[

fold 3a

]

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.