Meaning of SWEAT in English

SWEAT

I. sweat 1 /swet/ BrE AmE verb

[ Language: Old English ; Origin: swætan , from swat 'sweat' (noun) ]

1 . LIQUID FROM SKIN [intransitive and transitive] to have drops of salty liquid coming out through your skin because you are hot, ill, frightened, or doing exercise SYN perspire :

I was sweating a lot despite the air conditioning.

sweat heavily/profusely (=sweat a lot)

Within minutes she was sweating profusely.

sweat like a pig/sweat buckets informal (=sweat a lot)

basketball players sweating buckets

2 . WORK [intransitive and transitive] informal to work hard:

They sweated and saved for ten years to buy a house.

sweat over

He’d sweated over the plans for six months.

sweat blood/sweat your guts out (=work very hard)

I sweated blood to get that report finished.

We’ve been sweating our guts out here!

3 . WORRY [intransitive and transitive] informal to be anxious, nervous, or worried about something:

Let them sweat a bit before you tell them.

sweat bullets American English (=be very anxious)

Workers are sweating bullets over the possibility of job losses.

4 . don’t sweat it American English spoken used to tell someone not to worry about something:

Don’t sweat it, I’ll lend you the money.

5 . don’t sweat the small stuff American English spoken used to tell someone not to worry about unimportant things

6 . PRODUCE LIQUID [intransitive] if something such as cheese sweats, fat from inside appears on its surface

7 . COOK [transitive] British English to heat food gently in a little water or fat:

Sweat the vegetables until the juices run out.

sweat something ↔ off phrasal verb

to lose weight by sweating a lot

sweat something ↔ out phrasal verb

1 . to wait anxiously for news that is very important to you:

Charles is sweating it out while the coach decides which players he’s taking to the Olympics.

2 . American English to work very hard on something, especially something difficult:

kids sweating out a test

3 . to do hard physical exercise:

They were sweating it out in the gym.

4 . to get rid of an illness by making yourself sweat a lot

II. sweat 2 BrE AmE noun

[ Date: 1300-1400 ; Origin: ⇨ ↑ sweat 1 ]

1 . LIQUID ON SKIN [singular, uncountable] drops of salty liquid that come out through your skin when you are hot, frightened, ill, or doing exercise SYN perspiration :

Ian came off the squash court dripping with sweat.

Beads of sweat appeared on his forehead.

Sweat poured down his face.

2 . [countable] the condition of sweating:

Symptoms include fatigue and night sweats.

work up a sweat (=do physical exercise or hard work that makes you sweat)

3 . a (cold) sweat a state of nervousness or fear, especially one in which you are sweating

in/into a (cold) sweat

I woke up from the nightmare in a cold sweat.

Don’t get into such a sweat about it! It’s only a test.

4 . break into a sweat/break out in a sweat

a) to start sweating

b) to become very nervous or frightened:

Drops in stock market prices have investors breaking out into a sweat.

5 . break sweat British English , break a sweat American English to start sweating because you are making an effort:

Karen was on the exercise bikes, just beginning to break a sweat.

6 . no sweat spoken used to say that you can do something easily:

‘Are you sure you can do it on time?’ ‘Yeah, no sweat!’

7 . sweats [plural] American English informal

a) clothes made of thick soft cotton, worn especially for sport SYN sweatsuit

b) trousers of this type SYN sweat pants

8 . WORK [singular] old-fashioned hard work, especially when it is boring or unpleasant

9 . the sweat of sb’s brow literary the hard effort that someone has made in their work

• • •

COLLOCATIONS

■ verbs

▪ be dripping with sweat

After two hours' climbing, their bodies were dripping with sweat.

▪ be drenched/soaked with sweat (=be covered in a lot of sweat)

His shirt was drenched with sweat.

▪ sweat runs/pours somewhere

My hand was shaking and sweat was pouring off my forehead.

▪ sweat trickles somewhere (=flows slowly)

I could feel the sweat trickling down my back.

▪ glisten with sweat (=be wet and shiny with sweat)

His chest glistened with sweat.

■ phrases

▪ beads of sweat (=drops of sweat)

There were beads of sweat on his forehead.

▪ a trickle of sweat (=sweat that is flowing somewhere)

A trickle of sweat ran down my neck.

▪ be wet/damp with sweat

She had been exercising and her hair was damp with sweat.

▪ sweat stands out on somebody's forehead (=there are drops of sweat on somebody's forehead)

Sweat stood out on Ian's forehead.

▪ wipe the sweat from your brow/forehead

He wiped the sweat from his brow and carried on digging.

■ adjectives

▪ stale sweat

The room smelt of stale sweat.

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English.      Longman - Словарь современного английского языка.