Meaning of SWEAT in English

SWEAT

/ swet; NAmE / noun , verb

■ noun

LIQUID ON SKIN

1.

[ U ] drops of liquid that appear on the surface of your skin when you are hot, ill / sick or afraid

SYN perspiration :

beads of sweat

She wiped the sweat from her face.

By the end of the match, the sweat was pouring off him.

—see also sweaty

2.

[ usually sing. ] the state of being covered with sweat :

I woke up in a sweat.

She completed the routine without even working up a sweat .

He breaks out in a sweat just at the thought of flying.

He started having night sweats.

—see also cold sweat

HARD WORK

3.

[ U ] hard work or effort :

( informal )

Growing your own vegetables sounds like a lot of sweat.

( literary )

She achieved success by the sweat of her brow (= by working very hard) .

CLOTHES

4.

sweats [ pl. ] ( informal , especially NAmE ) a sweatsuit or sweatpants :

I hung around the house all day in my sweats.

IDIOMS

- be / get in a sweat (about sth)

- break sweat

- no sweat

—more at blood noun

■ verb

PRODUCE LIQUID ON SKIN / SURFACE

1.

when you sweat , drops of liquid appear on the surface of your skin, for example when you are hot, ill / sick or afraid

SYN perspire :

[ v ]

to sweat heavily

[ vn ]

He was sweating buckets (= a lot) .

2.

[ v ] if sth sweats , the liquid that is contained in it appears on its surface :

The cheese was beginning to sweat.

WORK HARD

3.

[ v ] sweat (over sth) to work hard at sth :

Are you still sweating over that report?

WORRY

4.

[ v ] ( informal ) to worry or feel anxious about sth :

They really made me sweat during the interview.

HEAT FOOD

5.

[ vn , v ] ( BrE ) if you sweat meat or vegetables or let them sweat , you heat them slowly with a little fat in a pan that is covered with a lid

IDIOMS

- don't sweat it

- don't sweat the small stuff

- sweat blood

—more at gut noun

PHRASAL VERBS

- sweat sth off

- sweat it out

••

WORD ORIGIN

Old English swāt (noun), swǣtan (verb), of Germanic origin; related to Dutch zweet and German Schweiss , from an Indo-European root shared by Latin sudor .

Oxford Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь для изучающик язык на продвинутом уровне.