Meaning of SWEAT in English

SWEAT

I. ˈswet verb

( sweat or sweat·ed ; sweat·ing )

Etymology: Middle English sweten, from Old English swǣtan, from swāt sweat; akin to Old High German sweiz sweat, Latin sudare to sweat, Greek hidrōs sweat

Date: before 12th century

intransitive verb

1.

a. : to excrete moisture in visible quantities through the openings of the sweat glands : perspire

b. : to labor or exert oneself so as to cause perspiration

2.

a. : to emit or exude moisture

cheese sweat s in ripening

b. : to gather surface moisture in beads as a result of condensation

stones sweat at night

c.

(1) : ferment

(2) : putrefy

3. : to undergo anxiety or mental or emotional distress

sweat through final exams

4. : to become exuded through pores or a porous surface : ooze

transitive verb

1. : to emit or seem to emit from pores : exude

2. : to manipulate or produce by hard work or drudgery

3. : to get rid of or lose (weight) by or as if by sweating or being sweated

4. : to make wet with perspiration

5.

a. : to cause to excrete moisture from the skin

b. : to drive hard : overwork

c. : to exact work from at low wages and under unfair or unhealthful conditions

d. slang : to give the third degree to

6. : to cause to exude or lose moisture ; especially : to subject (as tobacco leaves) to fermentation

7.

a. : to extract something valuable from by unfair or dishonest means : fleece

b. : to remove particles of metal from (a coin) by abrasion

8.

a. : to heat (as solder) so as to melt and cause to run especially between surfaces to unite them ; also : to unite by such means

sweat a pipe joint

b. : to heat so as to extract an easily fusible constituent

sweat bismuth ore

c. : to sauté in a covered vessel until natural juices are exuded

9. slang : to worry about

doesn't sweat the small stuff — Barry McDermott

- sweat blood

II. noun

Date: 13th century

1. : hard work : drudgery

2. : the fluid excreted from the sweat glands of the skin : perspiration

3. : moisture issuing from or gathering in drops on a surface

4.

a. : the condition of one sweating or sweated

b. : a spell of sweating

5. : a state of anxiety or impatience

6. plural

a. : sweat suit

b. : sweatpants

- no sweat

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.