Meaning of AFTER in English


I. ˈaf-tər adverb

Etymology: Middle English, from Old English æfter; akin to Old High German aftar after, and probably to Old English of of

Date: before 12th century

: following in time or place : afterward , behind , later

we arrived shortly after

returned 20 years after

II. preposition

Date: before 12th century


a. : behind in place

people lined up one after another


(1) : subsequent to in time or order

20 minutes after 6

(2) : subsequent to and in view of

after all our advice

2. — used as a function word to indicate the object of a stated or implied action

go after gold

was asking after you

3. : so as to resemble: as

a. : in accordance with

b. : with the name of or a name derived from that of

named after his father

c. : in the characteristic manner of : in imitation of

writing after the manner of Hemingway

III. conjunction

Date: before 12th century

: subsequently to the time when

we will come after we make plans

IV. adjective

Date: before 12th century

1. : later in time

in after years

2. : located toward the rear and especially toward the stern of a ship or tail of an aircraft

V. ˈäf-tər verbal auxiliary

Date: 1792

chiefly Irish — used with a present participle to indicate action completed and especially just completed

the poor old man is after dying on me — J. M. Synge

VI. noun

Date: circa 1902

: afternoon

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.