Meaning of AFTER in English

AFTER

/ ˈɑːftə(r); NAmE ˈæf-/ preposition , conjunction , adverb , adjective

■ preposition

1.

later than sth; following sth in time :

We'll leave after lunch.

They arrived shortly after 5.

Not long after that he resigned.

Let's meet the day after tomorrow / the week after next .

After winning the prize she became famous overnight.

After an hour I went home (= when an hour had passed) .

( NAmE )

It's ten after seven in the morning (= 7.10 a.m.)

2.

... after ... used to show that sth happens many times or continuously :

day after day of hot weather

I've told you time after time not to do that.

—see also one after another at one

3.

behind sb when they have left; following sb :

Shut the door after you.

I'm always having to clean up after the children (= clean the place after they have left it dirty and untidy) .

He ran after her with the book.

She was left staring after him.

4.

next to and following sb/sth in order or importance :

Your name comes after mine in the list.

He's the tallest, after Richard.

After you (= Please go first) .

After you with the paper. (= Can I have it next?)

5.

in contrast to sth :

It was pleasantly cool in the house after the sticky heat outside.

6.

as a result of or because of sth that has happened :

I'll never forgive him after what he said.

7.

despite sth; although sth has happened :

I can't believe she'd do that, not after all I've done for her.

8.

trying to find or catch sb/sth :

The police are after him.

He's after a job at our place.

9.

about sb/sth :

She asked after you (= how you were) .

10.

in the style of sb/sth; following the example of sb/sth :

a painting after Goya

We named the baby 'Ena' after her grandmother.

11.

after- (in adjectives) happening or done later than the time or event mentioned :

after-hours drinking (= after closing time)

an after-school club

after-dinner mints

IDIOMS

- after all

- be after doing sth

■ conjunction

at a time later than sth; when sth has finished :

I'll call you after I've spoken to them.

Several years after they'd split up they met again by chance in Paris.

■ adverb

later in time; afterwards :

That was in 1996. Soon after , I heard that he'd died.

I could come next week, or the week after.

And they all lived happily ever after .

■ adjective

[ only before noun ] ( old use ) following; later :

in after years

••

WORD ORIGIN

Old English æfter , of Germanic origin; related to Dutch achter .

Oxford Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь для изучающик язык на продвинутом уровне.