Meaning of AFTER in English

AFTER

I. ˈaftə(r), ˈaa-, ˈai-, ˈȧ-, +V sometimes -ftr as in ˈaftrim for “after him” adverb

Etymology: Middle English after, efter, from Old English æfter; akin to Old High German aftar after, Old Norse eptir after, aptr back, Gothic aftaro from behind, aftra backwards, and perhaps to Sanskrit apataram farther away, Old Persian, elsewhere, and perhaps to Old English of of, from, off — more at of

: following in time or place : afterward , behind

we arrived shortly after

in Chaucer's day and for long after — G.M.Trevelyan

along came a fox with the hounds following after

II. preposition

Etymology: Middle English after, efter, from Old English æfter, from æfter, adverb

1. — used as a function word to indicate the object or goal of a stated or implied action

my soul thirsteth after thee — Ps 143:6 (Authorized Version)

women go after causes harder than men do — Paul Engle

he was too greedy after the treasures — Van Wyck Brooks

it's serious work I'm after — Maurice Hewlett

2.

a. : behind in place or time

men in line one after another

wave after wave beat on the shore

the rains continued day after day

b. : below in rank : next in order to

the richest and most splendid church in England after Westminster Abbey — Henry Riddell

after money, the biggest problem is personnel — Time

3.

a.

(1) : later than a particular time or period of time : following the expiration of

20 minutes after 4

at a quarter after 8

it's half after 6

events occurring after 1940

after three days

condition of roads after the snow storm

(2) : immediately following but not necessarily including the day, period, or date of event named

thirty days after April 1

two months after July

ten days after sight of a draft

b.

(1) : subsequent to and in consequence of

after what you have told me, I'll be careful

net income after taxes

(2) : subsequent to and notwithstanding

even after the policeman's warning, the driver continued to speed

4. : so as to resemble in some respect:

a. : in accordance with

make me after thy will — Adelaide Pollard

his ways are not after our expectations — Gilbert Kilpack

Napoleon himself she admired as a man after her own heart — G.H.Genzmer

b. obsolete

(1) : with reference to : in correspondence to : in proportion to

(2) : at the rate of

c. : with the name of or by a name derived from that of

John was named after his father

called poinsettia after Joel R. Poinsett

d. : in imitation of : in the characteristic manner of : on the pattern of

a great military power after the Western pattern — Ruth Benedict

portrait of Charles I after Van Dyck — S.P.B.Mais

he was built after his father — Conrad Richter

e. : derived from and shaped like

malachite is a pseudomorph after cuprite

5. chiefly Irish : having just : in the act of : at the point of : given to — used with gerund

it's a queer thing you wouldn't care to be hearing it and them girls after walking four miles to be listening to me now — J.M.Synge

a pot of water they were after boiling potatoes in — Augusta Gregory

you won't be after putting curses on people — Lucy M. Montgomery

- after a fashion

III. conjunction

Etymology: Middle English, short for after that, from after, preposition + that, conjunction

1. : subsequently to the time when

after arrangements are made, we will follow

2. obsolete : in proportion as : just as

IV. adjective

Etymology: after (I)

1. : next : later in time : subsequent , succeeding

in after years

during his after life

2.

[Middle English, probably from afte aft + -er ]

: hinder : nearer the rear : toward the stern of a ship or tail of an aircraft — used especially of any object abaft midships

after cabin

after hatchway

V. noun

( -s )

Etymology: by shortening

: afternoon

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.