Meaning of FAT in English


I. ˈfat adjective

( fat·ter ; fat·test )

Etymology: Middle English, from Old English fǣtt, past participle of fǣtan to cram; akin to Old High German feizit fat

Date: before 12th century

1. : notable for having an unusual amount of fat:

a. : plump

b. : obese

c. of a meat animal : fattened for market

d. of food : oily , greasy


a. : well filled out : thick , big

a fat book

b. : full in tone and quality : rich

a gorgeous fat bass voice — Irish Digest

c. : well stocked

a fat larder

d. : prosperous , wealthy

grew fat on the war — Time

e. : being substantial and impressive

a fat bank account


a. : richly rewarding or profitable

a fat part in a movie

a fat contract

b. : practically nonexistent

a fat chance

4. : productive , fertile

a fat year for crops

5. : stupid , foolish

6. : being swollen

got a fat lip from the fight

7. of a baseball pitch : easy to hit

• fat·ness noun

II. transitive verb

( fat·ted ; fat·ting )

Date: before 12th century

: to make fat : fatten

III. noun

Date: 14th century

1. : animal tissue consisting chiefly of cells distended with greasy or oily matter


a. : oily or greasy matter making up the bulk of adipose tissue and often abundant in seeds

b. : any of various compounds of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen that are glycerides of fatty acids, are the chief constituents of plant and animal fat, are a major class of energy-rich food, and are soluble in organic solvents but not in water

c. : a solid or semisolid fat as distinguished from an oil

3. : the best or richest part

4. : obesity

5. : something in excess : superfluity

trim the fat from the news operation — Ray Olson

• fat·less -ləs adjective

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.