Meaning of PRESENT in English

I. pres·ent ˈpre-z ə nt noun

Etymology: Middle English, from Anglo-French, from presenter

Date: 13th century

: something presented : gift

II. pre·sent pri-ˈzent verb

Etymology: Middle English, from Anglo-French presenter, from Latin praesentare, from praesent-, praesens, adjective

Date: 14th century

transitive verb



(1) : to bring or introduce into the presence of someone especially of superior rank or status

(2) : to introduce socially

b. : to bring (as a play) before the public

2. : to make a gift to

3. : to give or bestow formally


a. : to lay (as a charge) before a court as an object of inquiry

b. : to bring a formal public charge, indictment, or presentment against

5. : to nominate to a benefice


a. : to offer to view : show

b. : to bring to one's attention

this present s a problem

7. : to act the part of : perform

8. : to aim, point, or direct (as a weapon) so as to face something or in a particular direction

intransitive verb

1. : to present a weapon

2. : to become manifest

3. : to come forward as a patient

4. : to make a presentation

Synonyms: see give

• pre·sent·er noun

III. pres·ent ˈpre-z ə nt adjective

Etymology: Middle English, from Anglo-French, from Latin praesent-, praesens, from present participle of praeesse to be before one, from prae- pre- + esse to be — more at is

Date: 14th century

1. : now existing or in progress


a. : being in view or at hand

b. : existing in something mentioned or under consideration

3. : constituting the one actually involved, at hand, or being considered

4. : of, relating to, or constituting a verb tense that is expressive of present time or the time of speaking

5. obsolete : attentive

6. archaic : instant , immediate

• pres·ent·ness noun

IV. pres·ent ˈpre-z ə nt noun

Date: 14th century


a. obsolete : present occasion or affair

b. plural : the present words or statements ; specifically : the legal instrument or other writing in which these words are used


a. : the present tense of a language

b. : a verb form in the present tense

3. : the present time

- at present

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.