Meaning of PRESENT in English

I. pres·ent ˈprez ə nt noun

( -s )

Etymology: Middle English, from Old French, from presenter to present

1. : something presented or given : donation , gift

Christmas presents

brought home presents for the children

2. : presentation 1

made her a present of a diamond necklace

II. pre·sent prēˈzent, prə̇ˈ- verb

( -ed/-ing/-s )

Etymology: Middle English presenten, from Old French presenter, from Latin praesentare, from praesent-, praesens, present participle of praeesse

transitive verb


a. : to bring or introduce into the presence of someone (as a superior) : to introduce for acquaintance

the ambassador was presented to the president

the small boy presented himself before his father

offered to present his friend to the attractive young lady

b. : to dedicate by bringing before or into the presence of God

presented Christ in the temple

c. : to introduce formally at court especially to the sovereign

d. : to bring (a candidate) before university authorities for examination or for conferral of a degree

e. : to bring (as an entertainer) before the public

2. : to make a present or donation to : furnish or provide (as a person) with something by way of a present or gift


a. : to lay or put before a person for acceptance : offer as a gift : give or bestow formally

b. : to offer or convey by way of message, greeting, or compliment

c. : to hand or pass over usually in a ceremonious way : deliver formally for acceptance


a. : to lay (as a charge) before a court as an object of inquiry : give notice officially of (as a crime or offense) : find or represent judicially

the grand jury presented many offenses


(1) : to bring a formal public charge against : charge formally : accuse

(2) : to bring an indictment or presentment against

5. : to nominate (a clergyman) to a benefice

6. archaic : to represent (a character) on the stage : act the part of : perform , personate

7. obsolete : to make an open offer of (as battle)

8. : to aim, point, or direct so as to face something or in a particular direction

9. : manifest

patients who present symptoms of malaria

intransitive verb

1. : to make a presentation of a clergyman to the ordinary for institution to an ecclesiastical office

2. : to present a weapon (as a rifle)

3. obsolete : to blow favorably — used of the wind


a. : to become directed toward the opening of the uterus — used especially of parts of a fetus

premature babies which present by breech — Year Book of Obstetrics & Gynecology

b. : to become manifest

gonorrhea in heterosexual men typically presents as an anterior urethritis with a spontaneous purulent urethral exudate and dysuria — A.W.Karchmer

5. : to come forward as a patient

Synonyms: see offer

III. present noun

( -s )

1. : the position of a firearm ready to be fired or of a lance or similar weapon ready to be used in attack

bring the rifle down to the present

2. : the position of present arms

soldiers standing at present

IV. pres·ent ˈprez ə nt adjective

Etymology: Middle English, from Old French, from Latin praesent-, praesens, present participle of praeesse to be before one, be at hand, from prae- pre- + esse to be — more at is

1. : now existing or in progress : begun but not ended : now being in view, being dealt with, or being under consideration : being at this time : not past or future : contemporary

to understand the present institutions we must … comprehend something of their history — J.B.Conant

12 pioneer papers have survived to the present day — American Guide Series: Minnesota

in 1909 the … house again burned and the present hostelry of the same name was built — American Guide Series: New Hampshire


a. : being in one place and not elsewhere : being within reach, sight, or call or within contemplated limits : being in view or at hand : being before, beside, with, or in the same place as someone or something

both men were present at the meeting

present company excepted

— used interjectionally to indicate one's presence especially in answer to a roll call

b. : existing in something (as a class or case) mentioned or under consideration

in the Hemiptera … wings may be present or absent — T.H.Huxley

3. : constituting the one actually involved, at hand, or being considered

the present writer

the present volume

4. : of, relating to, or constituting a verb tense that is expressive of present time or the time of speaking

5. : existing at or belonging to the time under consideration : contemporaneous with a specified past time

there existed in preconquest England a church … united to the see of Rome by ancient tradition and present reverence — F.M.Stenton

6. obsolete

a. : having one's mind or thoughts directed toward a matter at hand : intent upon something : attentive

b. : having self-possession : collected

7. archaic : immediately accessible or available (as in providing assistance) : ready at hand

this sum … was a large and present resource — James Mill

8. archaic : immediately operative or effective : immediate , instant

the queen … demanded the present payment of some arrears — Thomas Fuller

an ambassador … desires a present audience — Philip Massinger

V. present noun

( -s )

Etymology: Middle English, from Old French, from Latin praesent-, praesens, from praesent-, praesens, present participle of praeesse


a. obsolete : present occasion or affair : business or action in hand

b. presents plural : the present words or statements : the present legal instrument (as a deed of conveyance, lease, or power of attorney) or other writing : the document in which these words are used

know all men by these present


a. : the present tense of a language

b. : a verb form in the present tense

3. : the present time : the time being or contemplated

another of those periods, much like the present — Ruth Moore

from 1700 to the present — Bulletin of Bates College

— compare future 1, past

- at present

- at this present

- for the present

- in present

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.