Meaning of TRUE in English


I. ˈtrü adjective

( tru·er ; tru·est )

Etymology: Middle English trewe, from Old English trēowe faithful; akin to Old High German gi triuwi faithful, Old Irish derb sure, and probably to Sanskrit dāruṇa hard, dāru wood — more at tree

Date: before 12th century


a. : steadfast , loyal

b. : honest , just

c. archaic : truthful



(1) : being in accordance with the actual state of affairs

true description

(2) : conformable to an essential reality

(3) : fully realized or fulfilled

dreams come true

b. : ideal , essential

c. : being that which is the case rather than what is manifest or assumed

the true dimension of the problem

d. : consistent

true to character


a. : properly so called

true love

the true faith

the true stomach of ruminant mammals


(1) : possessing the basic characters of and belonging to the same natural group as

a whale is a true but not a typical mammal

(2) : typical

the true cats

4. : legitimate , rightful

our true and lawful king


a. : that is fitted or formed or that functions accurately

b. : conformable to a standard or pattern : accurate

6. : determined with reference to the earth's axis rather than the magnetic poles

true north

7. : logically necessary

8. : narrow , strict

in the truest sense

9. : corrected for error

• true·ness noun

II. adverb

Date: 14th century

1. : in accordance with fact or reality


a. : without deviation

the bullet flew straight and true

b. : without variation from type

breed true

III. noun

Date: circa 1536

1. : truth , reality — usually used with the

2. : the quality or state of being accurate (as in alignment or adjustment) — used in the phrases in true and out of true

IV. transitive verb

( trued ; true·ing also tru·ing )

Date: 1841

: to make level, square, balanced, or concentric : bring or restore to a desired mechanical accuracy or form

true up a board

true up an engine cylinder

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.