Meaning of FILL in English

FILL

I. ˈfil verb

( -ed/-ing/-s )

Etymology: Middle English fillen, from Old English fyllan; akin to Old High German fullen to fill, Old Norse fylla, Gothic fulljan; causative from the root of English full (I)

transitive verb

1.

a.

(1) : to supply with as much as can be held or contained

filling the holes in the road

(2) : to place or put as much material in as can be often conveniently contained

fill a box

: pour as much of a substance into as can be conveniently held

fill a cup

fill a barrel with apples

(3) : to furnish (as a container) especially in proportion : provide

fill a glass with water

fill a page with print

(4) : to provide (as a container) with a specified amount

fill it half full

(5) : pour

fill wine into bottles

: load , put

fill coal into bins

(6) : to make full or complete (as a partly empty line or an incomplete column in printed matter) by respacing the existing printed matter or by adding matter

(7) : to give a pleasingly full form to (as a dress) in wearing — often used with out

she filled the dress nicely

he began to fill his suits out well as he grew older

b.

(1) : to stop up : obstruct

wreckage filled the channel

— often used with up

the traffic jam filled the street up completely

(2) : to make an embankment in or raise the level of (a low place) with earth, gravel, or rock

c.

(1) : plug

fill a chink

: caulk

fill the seams with oakum

(2) : to stop up the interstices, crevices, or pores of (as cloth, wood, leather) with some foreign substance for the sake of hardening, dressing, or adulterating

(3) : load 3c(1)

(4) : to close up (a cavity in a tooth) with gold, silver, or other comparatively inert material

d. obsolete : impregnate

e.

(1) : to feed and water (livestock) immediately before sale to increase the apparent weight

(2) : to stuff (a food) with a filling

filled rolls

2.

a. : to occupy the whole of

his huge bulk filled the chair

b. : to swarm in : pervade

shoppers filled the city

c.

(1) : pack , load , surfeit

her presence filled his heart with joy

filled his head with foolish ideas

(2) : satisfy , satiate

fill their guest with good food

(3) : to belly out : distend — often used with out

the wind filled the sails out

d.

(1) : to supply fully or completely

fill a long-felt want

(2) : stock

fill a stream with trout

3.

a. : to execute or fulfill the requirements of (a business order)

b. : to complete or make out — often used with out

fill out a check

or up

fill up the blanks in a questionnaire

or in

fill in the tax form

c. : to make up (a prescription)

4.

a. : occupy , hold

fill a throne

b. : to provide with incumbents

fill vacancies left by retirements

— often used with up

c. : to possess and perform the duties of

fill an office

5. : to trim (a sail) so that the wind will blow on the after side

6. : to cover the surface of with a layer of precious metal — used chiefly as a past participle

a gold- filled watch

7. : to draw the cards in poker necessary to complete (a full house, a flush, or a straight)

intransitive verb

1.

a.

(1) : to become full

the rivers filled

(2) of the eyes : to become full with tears

(3) : to become so suffused with ink (as of the bowl of a letter or the space between the dots of a halftone) as to print improperly — often used with in or up

b. : to have the whole capacity occupied

the stadium filled and overflowed

c. : to fill a cup or glass for drinking

2.

a. : to become blocked, burdened, or obstructed by or as if by accumulations — often used with in

the harbor gradually filled in

or up

the channel filled up

b.

(1) : to become heavy, choked, or fraught

his heart filled at the words

their expressions filled with grief

(2) : to swell out in or as if in fullness

the sails filled with wind

her body began to fill out

the balloon filled up

3. : to complete a full house, flush, or straight in poker

- fill one's shoes

- fill the bill

II. noun

( -s )

Etymology: Middle English fille, from Old English fyllo; akin to Old High German fulli fill, abundance, Old Norse fyllr, Gothic ufar fullei great abundance; derivative from the root of English full (I)

1. : a full supply ; especially : a quantity that satisfies or satiates — usually used with a possessive

eat your fill

she wept her fill

2.

a.

(1) : material used to fill a receptacle, cavity, or passage

fill for a trench

— see backfill ; compare gob

(2) : an embankment (as in railroad construction) to fill a hollow or ravine or the place filled by such an embankment ; also : the depth of the filling material when in place

(3) : material that is used to take up unused or vacant periods (as in a radio or television schedule)

b. : the contents of the digestive tract of an animal

3. : the maximum width of the paper producible by a particular papermaking machine

III. noun

( -s )

Etymology: by alteration

chiefly dialect : thill

IV. noun

: a bit of instrumental music that fills the pauses between phrases (as of a vocalist or soloist)

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.