Meaning of STOCK in English

transcription, транскрипция: [ stɒk ]

( stocks, stocking, stocked)

Frequency: The word is one of the 1500 most common words in English.


Stocks are shares in the ownership of a company, or investments on which a fixed amount of interest will be paid. ( BUSINESS )

...the buying and selling of stocks and shares...

N-COUNT : usu pl


A company’s stock is the amount of money which the company has through selling shares. ( BUSINESS )

Two years later, when Compaq went public, their stock was valued at $38 million...

N-UNCOUNT : usu poss N


If a shop stocks particular goods, it keeps a supply of them to sell.

The shop stocks everything from cigarettes to recycled loo paper.

VERB : no cont , V n


A shop’s stock is the total amount of goods which it has available to sell.

We took the decision to withdraw a quantity of stock from sale.



If you stock something such as a cupboard, shelf, or room, you fill it with food or other things.

I worked stocking shelves in a grocery store...

Some families stocked their cellars with food and water...

The kitchen cupboard was stocked with tins of soup.

VERB : V n , V n with n , V-ed

Stock up means the same as stock .

I had to stock the boat up with food...

Start planning for Christmas now by stocking up the freezer with some festive dishes.

PHRASAL VERB : V n P with n , V P n (not pron) with n


If you have a stock of things, you have a supply of them stored in a place ready to be used.

Stocks of ammunition were running low.

N-COUNT : with supp , usu N of n


The stock of something is the total amount of it that is available in a particular area. ( mainly BRIT )

...the stock of accommodation available to be rented.

N-SING : with supp


If you are from a particular stock , you are descended from a particular group of people. ( FORMAL )

We are both from working class stock.

N-UNCOUNT : usu supp N


Stock are cattle, sheep, pigs, or other animals which are kept by a farmer, usually ones which have been specially bred.

I am carefully selecting the breeding stock...

= livestock



A stock answer, expression, or way of doing something is one that is very commonly used, especially because people cannot be bothered to think of something new.

My boss had a stock response–‘If it ain’t broke, don’t fix it!’...

= standard



Stock is a liquid, usually made by boiling meat, bones, or vegetables in water, that is used to give flavour to soups and sauces.



see also stocking , laughing stock , rolling stock


If goods are in stock , a shop has them available to sell. If they are out of stock , it does not.

Check that your size is in stock...

Lemon and lime juice were both temporarily out of stock.

PHRASE : usu v-link PHR


If you take stock , you pause to think about all the aspects of a situation or event before deciding what to do next.

It was time to take stock of the situation...

PHRASE : V inflects , usu PHR of n


lock, stock, and barrel: see barrel

Collins COBUILD Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Английский словарь Коллинз COBUILD для изучающих язык на продвинутом уровне.