Meaning of STOCK in English
vt to put in the stocks.
2. stock ·noun the beater of a fulling mill.
3. stock ·noun a race or variety in a species.
4. stock ·noun a thrust with a rapier; a stoccado.
5. stock ·noun ·same·as stock account, below.
6. stock ·noun the stem or branch in which a graft is inserted.
7. stock ·noun the frame or timbers on which a ship rests while building.
8. stock ·noun a kind of stiff, wide band or cravat for the neck; as, a silk stock.
9. stock ·noun the support of the block in which an anvil is fixed, or of the anvil itself.
10. stock ·noun a block of wood; something fixed and solid; a pillar; a firm support; a post.
11. stock ·noun red and gray bricks, used for the exterior of walls and the front of buildings.
12. stock ·noun the handle or contrivance by which bits are held in boring; a bitstock; a brace.
13. stock ·noun a handle or wrench forming a holder for the dies for cutting screws; a diestock.
14. stock ·vt to lay up; to put aside for future use; to store, as merchandise, and the like.
15. stock ·vt to suffer to retain milk for twenty-four hours or more previous to sale, as cows.
xvi. stock ·noun the stem, or main body, of a tree or plant; the fixed, strong, firm part; the trunk.
xvii. stock ·noun hence, a person who is as dull and lifeless as a stock or post; one who has little sense.
xviii. stock ·add. ·noun raw material; that out of which something is manufactured; as, paper stock.
xix. stock ·noun in tectology, an aggregate or colony of persons (see person), as trees, chains of salpae, ·etc.
xx. stock ·noun a covering for the leg, or leg and foot; as, upper stocks (breeches); nether stocks (stockings).
xxi. stock ·noun the principal supporting part; the part in which others are inserted, or to which they are attached.
xxii. stock ·add. ·noun a plain soap which is made into toilet soap by adding perfumery, coloring matter, ·etc.
xxiii. stock ·noun the wooden or iron crosspiece to which the shank of an anchor is attached. ·see ·illust. of anchor.
xxiv. stock ·noun an irregular metalliferous mass filling a large cavity in a rock formation, as a stock of lead ore deposited in limestone.
xxv. stock ·noun the block of wood or metal frame which constitutes the body of a plane, and in which the plane iron is fitted; a plane stock.
xxvi. stock ·noun a frame of timber, with holes in which the feet, or the feet and hands, of criminals were formerly confined by way of punishment.
xxvii. stock ·noun any cruciferous plant of the genus matthiola; as, common stock (matthiola incana) (see gilly-flower); ten-weeks stock (m. annua).
xxviii. stock ·noun the original progenitor; also, the race or line of a family; the progenitor of a family and his direct descendants; lineage; family.
xxix. stock ·noun domestic animals or beasts collectively, used or raised on a farm; as, a stock of cattle or of sheep, ·etc.;
called also live stock.
xxx. stock ·noun supply provided; store; accumulation; especially, a merchant's or manufacturer's store of goods; as, to lay in a stock of provisions.
xxxi. stock ·noun a liquid or jelly containing the juices and soluble parts of meat, and certain vegetables, ·etc., extracted by cooking;
used in making soup, gravy, ·etc.
xxxii. stock ·noun that portion of a pack of cards not distributed to the players at the beginning of certain games, as gleek, ·etc., but which might be drawn from afterward as occasion required; a bank.
xxxiii. stock ·adj used or employed for constant service or application, as if constituting a portion of a stock or supply; standard; permanent; standing; as, a stock actor; a stock play; a stock sermon.
xxxiv. stock ·noun the wood to which the barrel, lock, ·etc., of a musket or like firearm are secured; also, a long, rectangular piece of wood, which is an important part of several forms of gun carriage.
xxxv. stock ·noun the part of a tally formerly struck in the exchequer, which was delivered to the person who had lent the king money on account, as the evidence of indebtedness. ·see counterfoil.
xxxvi. stock ·vt to provide with material requisites; to store; to fill; to supply; as, to stock a warehouse, that is, to fill it with goods; to stock a farm, that is, to supply it with cattle and tools; to stock land, that is, to occupy it with a permanent growth, especially of grass.
xxxvii. stock ·noun money or capital which an individual or a firm employs in business; fund; in the united states, the capital of a bank or other company, in the form of transferable shares, each of a certain amount; money funded in government securities, called also the public funds; in the plural, property consisting of shares in joint-stock companies, or in the obligations of a government for its funded debt;
so in the united states, but in england the latter only are called stocks, and the former shares.
Webster English vocab. Английский словарь Webster. 2012