Meaning of STOCK in English

I. ˈstäk noun

Etymology: Middle English stok, from Old English stocc; akin to Old High German stoc stick

Date: before 12th century


a. archaic : stump

b. archaic : a log or block of wood


(1) archaic : something without life or consciousness

(2) : a dull, stupid, or lifeless person

2. : a supporting framework or structure: as

a. plural : the frame or timbers holding a ship during construction

b. plural : a device for publicly punishing offenders consisting of a wooden frame with holes in which the feet or feet and hands can be locked


(1) : the wooden part by which a shoulder arm is held during firing

(2) : the butt of an implement (as a whip or fishing rod)

(3) : bitstock , brace

d. : a long beam on a field gun forming the third support point in firing


a. : the main stem of a plant : trunk


(1) : a plant or plant part united with a scion in grafting and supplying mostly underground parts to a graft

(2) : a plant from which slips or cuttings are taken

4. : the crosspiece of an anchor — see anchor illustration


a. : the original (as a person, race, or language) from which others derive : source


(1) : the descendants of one individual : family , lineage

of European stock

(2) : a compound organism

c. : an infraspecific group usually having unity of descent


(1) : a related group of languages

(2) : a language family



(1) : the equipment, materials, or supplies of an establishment

(2) : livestock

b. : a store or supply accumulated or available ; especially : the inventory of goods of a merchant or manufacturer


a. archaic : a supply of capital : funds ; especially : money or capital invested or available for investment or trading


(1) : the part of a tally formerly given to the creditor in a transaction

(2) : a debt or fund due (as from a government) for money loaned at interest ; also British : capital or a debt or fund bearing interest in perpetuity and not ordinarily redeemable as to principal


(1) : the proprietorship element in a corporation usually divided into shares and represented by transferable certificates

(2) : a portion of such stock of one or more companies

(3) : stock certificate

8. : any of a genus ( Matthiola ) of Old World herbs or subshrubs of the mustard family with racemes of usually sweet-scented flowers

9. : a wide band or scarf worn about the neck especially by some clergymen


a. : liquid in which meat, fish, or vegetables have been simmered that is used as a basis for soup, gravy, or sauce


(1) : raw material from which something is manufactured

(2) : paper used for printing

c. : the portion of a pack of cards not distributed to the players at the beginning of a game



(1) : an estimate or evaluation of something

take stock of the situation

(2) : the estimation in which someone or something is held

his stock with the electorate remains high — Newsweek

b. : confidence or faith placed in someone or something

put little stock in his testimony

12. : the production and presentation of plays by a stock company

13. : stock car 1

- in stock

- out of stock

II. verb

Date: 15th century

transitive verb

1. : to make (a domestic animal) pregnant

2. : to fit to or with a stock

3. : to provide with stock or a stock : supply

stock a stream with trout

4. : to procure or keep a stock of

our store stock s that brand

5. : to graze (livestock) on land

intransitive verb

1. : to send out new shoots

2. : to put in stock or supplies

stock up on canned goods

III. adjective

Date: 1625


a. : kept regularly in stock

comes in stock sizes

a stock model

b. : commonly used or brought forward : standard

the stock answer


a. : kept for breeding purposes : brood

a stock mare

b. : devoted to the breeding and rearing of livestock

a stock farm

c. : used or intended for livestock

a stock train

d. : used in herding livestock

a stock horse

a stock dog

3. : of or relating to a stock company

4. : employed in handling, checking, or taking care of the stock of merchandise on hand

a stock clerk

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.