Meaning of STOCK in English

I. noun Etymology: Middle English stok, from Old English stocc; akin to Old High German stoc stick Date: before 12th century 1. stump , a log or block of wood, c. something without life or consciousness, a dull, stupid, or lifeless person, a supporting framework or structure: as, the frame or timbers holding a ship during construction, a device for publicly punishing offenders consisting of a wooden frame with holes in which the feet or feet and hands can be locked, c. the wooden part by which a shoulder arm is held during firing, the butt of an implement (as a whip or fishing rod), bit~ , brace , a long beam on a field gun forming the third support point in firing, 3. the main stem of a plant ; trunk , b. a plant or plant part united with a scion in grafting and supplying mostly underground parts to a graft, a plant from which slips or cuttings are taken, the crosspiece of an anchor, 5. the original (as a person, race, or language) from which others derive ; source , b. the descendants of one individual ; family , lineage , a compound organism, an infraspecific group usually having unity of descent, d. a related group of languages, a language family, 6. a. the equipment, materials, or supplies of an establishment, live~ , a store or supply accumulated or available, 7. a supply of capital ; funds, b. the part of a tally formerly given to the creditor in a transaction, a debt or fund due (as from a government) for money loaned at interest, c. the proprietorship element in a corporation usually divided into shares and represented by transferable certificates, a portion of such ~ of one or more companies, ~ certificate , any of a genus ( Matthiola ) of Old World herbs or subshrubs of the mustard family with racemes of usually sweet-scented flowers, a wide band or scarf worn about the neck especially by some clergymen, 10. liquid in which meat, fish, or vegetables have been simmered that is used as a basis for soup, gravy, or sauce, b. raw material from which something is manufactured, paper used for printing, the portion of a pack of cards not distributed to the players at the beginning of a game, 11. a. an estimate or evaluation of something , the estimation in which someone or something is held , confidence or faith placed in someone or something , the production and presentation of plays by a ~ company, ~ car 1, II. verb Date: 15th century transitive verb to make (a domestic animal) pregnant, to fit to or with a ~, to provide with ~ or a ~ ; supply , to procure or keep a ~ of , to graze (live~) on land, intransitive verb to send out new shoots, to put in ~ or supplies , III. adjective Date: 1625 1. kept regularly in ~ , commonly used or brought forward ; standard , 2. kept for breeding purposes ; brood , devoted to the breeding and rearing of live~ , used or intended for live~ , used in herding live~ , of or relating to a ~ company, employed in handling, checking, or taking care of the ~ of merchandise on hand

Merriam Webster. Explanatory English dictionary Merriam Webster.      Толковый словарь английского языка Мерриам-Уэбстер.