Meaning of STOCK in English

n., adj., & v.


1. a store of goods etc. ready for sale or distribution etc.

2 a supply or quantity of anything for use (lay in winter stocks of fuel; a great stock of information).

3 equipment or raw material for manufacture or trade etc. (rolling-stock; paper stock).

4 a farm animals or equipment. b FATSTOCK.

5 a the capital of a business company. b shares in this.

6 one's reputation or popularity (his stock is rising).

7 a money lent to a government at fixed interest. b the right to receive such interest.

8 a line of ancestry; family origins (comes of Cornish stock).

9 liquid made by stewing bones, vegetables, fish, etc., as a basis for soup, gravy, sauce, etc.

10 any of various fragrant-flowered cruciferous plants of the genus Matthiola or Malcolmia (orig. stock-gillyflower, so-called because it had a stronger stem than the clove gillyflower).

11 a plant into which a graft is inserted.

12 the main trunk of a tree etc.

13 (in pl.) hist. a timber frame with holes for the feet and occas. the hands and head, in which offenders were locked as a public punishment.

14 US a stock company. b the repertory of this.

15 a a base or support or handle for an implement or machine. b the crossbar of an anchor.

16 the butt of a rifle etc.


18 (in pl.) the supports for a ship during building.

19 a band of material worn round the neck esp. in horse-riding or below a clerical collar.

20 hard solid brick pressed in a mould.


1. kept in stock and so regularly available (stock sizes).

2 perpetually repeated; hackneyed, conventional (a stock answer).

1. have or keep (goods) in stock.

2 a provide (a shop or a farm etc.) with goods, equipment, or livestock. b fill with items needed (shelves well-stocked with books).

3 fit (a gun etc.) with a stock.

Phrases and idioms:

in stock available immediately for sale etc. on the stocks in construction or preparation. out of stock not immediately available for sale. stock-book a book showing amounts of goods acquired and disposed of. stock-car

1. a specially strengthened production car for use in racing in which collision occurs.

2 US a railway truck for transporting livestock. stock company US a repertory company performing mainly at a particular theatre. stock dove a European wild pigeon, Columba oenas, with a shorter tail and squarer head than a wood pigeon and breeding in tree-trunks.

Stock Exchange

1. a place where stocks and shares are bought and sold.

2 the dealers working there.


1. all the requisites of a trade or profession.

2 a ready supply of characteristic phrases, attitudes, etc.

stock market

1. Stock Exchange.

2 transactions on this. stock-still motionless.

stock up

1. provide with or get stocks or supplies.

2 (foll. by with) get in or gather a stock of (food, fuel, etc.).

take stock

1. make an inventory of one's stock.

2 (often foll. by of) make a review or estimate of (a situation etc.).

3 (foll. by in) concern oneself with.


stocker n. stockless adj.

Etymology: OE stoc, stocc f. Gmc

Oxford English vocab.      Оксфордский английский словарь.