Meaning of STOCK in English

STOCK

/ stɒk; NAmE stɑːk/ noun , verb , adjective

■ noun

SUPPLY

1.

[ U , C ] a supply of goods that is available for sale in a shop / store :

We have a fast turnover of stock.

That particular model is not currently in stock .

I'm afraid we're temporarily out of stock .

We don't carry a large stock of pine furniture.

2.

[ C , U ] stock (of sth) a supply of sth that is available for use :

She's built up a good stock of teaching materials over the years.

Food stocks are running low.

a country's housing stock (= all the houses available for living in)

FINANCE

3.

[ U ] the value of the shares in a company that have been sold

4.

[ C , usually pl. ] a share that sb has bought in a company or business :

stock prices

stocks and shares

—compare share noun (4)

5.

[ U , C ] ( BrE ) money that is lent to a government at a fixed rate of interest; an official document that gives details of this :

government stock

FARM ANIMALS

6.

[ U ] farm animals, such as cows and sheep, that are kept for their meat, wool, etc. :

breeding stock

—see also livestock

FAMILY / ANCESTORS

7.

[ U ] of farming, noble, French, etc. ~ having the type of family or ancestors mentioned

SYN descent

FOOD

8.

[ U , C ] a liquid made by cooking bones, meat, etc. in water, used for making soups and sauces :

vegetable stock

FOR PUNISHMENT

9.

stocks [ pl. ] a wooden structure with holes for the feet, used in the past to lock criminals in as a form of punishment, especially in a public place

—compare pillory

RESPECT

10.

[ U ] ( formal ) the degree to which sb is respected or liked by other people :

Their stock is high / low .

OF GUN

11.

[ C ] the part of a gun that you hold against your shoulder when firing it

PLANT

12.

[ U , C ] a garden plant with brightly coloured flowers with a sweet smell

THEATRE

13.

[ C ] ( NAmE ) = stock company

—see also laughing stock , rolling stock

IDIOMS

- on the stocks

- take stock (of sth)

—more at lock noun

—see also stocktaking

■ verb [ vn ]

1.

( of a shop / store ) to keep a supply of a particular type of goods to sell :

Do you stock green tea?

2.

[ often passive ] stock sth (with sth) to fill sth with food, books, etc. :

The pond was well stocked with fish.

a well-stocked library

PHRASAL VERBS

- stock sth up

- stock up (on / with sth)

■ adjective [ only before noun ]

1.

( disapproving ) a stock excuse, answer, etc. is one that is often used because it is easy and convenient, but that is not very original :

'No comment,' was the actor's stock response.

2.

usually available for sale in a shop / store :

stock sizes

SYN standard

••

WORD ORIGIN

Old English stoc(c) trunk, block of wood, post , of Germanic origin; related to Dutch stok and German Stock stick. The notion store, fund (senses 1 to 5) arose in late Middle English and is of obscure origin, perhaps expressing “growth from a central stem” or “firm foundation”.

Oxford Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь для изучающик язык на продвинутом уровне.