Meaning of FIRE in English

FIRE

INDEX:

1. a fire that damages a building, forest, etc

2. a fire for making you warm, for cooking, or for burning things

3. the heat and light produced by something that is burning

4. to make or start a fire

5. to stop a fire from burning

6. people whose job is to stop fires

RELATED WORDS

see also

↑ BURN

↑ HOT

↑ SMOKING

↑ EXPLODE

↑ DESTROY

↑ SAVE

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1. a fire that damages a building, forest, etc

▷ fire /faɪəʳ/ [countable noun]

▪ Eleven people died in a fire in Chicago early Monday.

fire spreads

gets bigger or worse

▪ The fire quickly spread throughout the building.

fire breaks out

starts suddenly

▪ Investigators say the fire probably broke out in the hotel kitchen.

start a fire

▪ The fire was started by an electrical fault.

forest fire

▪ A forest fire had been raging in the south and the sky in that direction had a deep red glow.

▷ blaze /bleɪz/ [countable noun usually singular]

a large and dangerous fire that burns very strongly :

▪ Firefighters struggled to control the blaze.

▪ The church was completely destroyed in the blaze.

▷ inferno /ɪnˈfɜːʳnəʊ/ [countable noun usually singular]

a very large, very hot, and very dangerous fire, especially in an enclosed space such as a building - used especially in newspapers and in literature :

▪ Eleven homes and several businesses were destroyed in the inferno.

▪ He rushed back into the inferno to rescue his two-year-old sister, Cora, who had been trapped inside.

▷ flames /fleɪmz/ [plural noun]

the bright parts of a fire that you see burning in the air :

▪ I saw flames coming from the engine.

▪ She frantically sprayed the flames with a fire extinguisher.

2. a fire for making you warm, for cooking, or for burning things

▷ fire /faɪəʳ/ [countable noun]

a small, controlled fire that you make in order to provide heat or to cook food :

▪ Could you bring in some wood for the fire?

▪ In the evenings the whole family would gather around the fire.

log/coal etc fire

a fire that burns logs, coal etc

▪ There’s nothing more comforting than a blazing log fire.

light a fire

make it burn

▪ The old man lit a fire in the stove of the front room.

▷ bonfire /ˈbɒnfaɪəʳǁˈbɑːn-/ [countable noun]

a large outdoor fire used for burning dead leaves, wood, or things you do not need, or used for celebrations :

light a bonfire

make it burn

▪ The bonfire will be lit at 7.00 p.m., with fireworks starting just 15 minutes later.

build/make a bonfire

▪ They piled up scrap wood, boxes and other junk and made a big bonfire.

▷ campfire /ˈkæmpfaɪəʳ/ [countable noun]

a fire made outdoors for people who are camping, used for keeping them warm and cooking :

▪ Never leave a campfire unattended.

sit around the campfire

▪ That night we sat around the campfire telling stories.

3. the heat and light produced by something that is burning

▷ fire /faɪəʳ/ [uncountable noun]

▪ Most animals are afraid of fire.

▪ When did humans first learn to use fire?

▷ flame /fleɪm/ [countable noun]

the hot bright area of burning gas which is produced by something that is burning :

▪ Natural gas burns with a bright blue flame.

▪ You can sterilize a needle by holding it in a flame.

▪ The candle flame flickered and then went out.

4. to make or start a fire

▷ make/build a fire /ˌmeɪk, ˌbɪld ə ˈfaɪəʳ/ [verb phrase]

▪ He made a fire out of old rags and newspapers.

▪ There isn’t enough wood here to build a fire.

▷ light a fire /ˌlaɪt ə ˈfaɪəʳ/ [verb phrase]

to deliberately make a fire start burning, especially in order to provide heat or to cook something :

▪ It was her job to light a fire every morning before the family got up.

▪ In such a strong wind it was almost impossible to light a fire.

▷ start a fire /ˌstɑːʳt ə ˈfaɪəʳ/ [verb phrase]

to make a fire start burning, especially in a place where it might cause damage :

▪ The kids accidentally started a fire in the garage.

▪ The fire was started by a carelessly tossed cigarette.

▷ arson /ˈɑːʳs ə n/ [uncountable noun]

the crime of deliberately starting a fire in order to damage a building or property :

▪ Police are treating the fire as a case of arson.

▪ Brooks was arrested for arson in North Carolina.

5. to stop a fire from burning

▷ put out /ˌpʊt ˈaʊt/ [transitive phrasal verb]

to make a fire stop burning :

put out the fire/blaze/flames

▪ It took firefighters four hours to put out the blaze.

put something out

▪ She threw sand on the fire to put it out.

▷ extinguish /ɪkˈstɪŋgwɪʃ/ [transitive verb] formal

to stop a fire burning :

▪ He managed to extinguish the flames with his coat.

▪ It took several hours to extinguish the blaze.

▷ blow out /ˌbləʊ ˈaʊt/ [transitive phrasal verb]

to make a flame or fire stop burning by blowing on it :

blow out a candle/match/fire etc

▪ He blew out the candle and went to sleep.

blow something out

▪ We tried to light a fire but the wind kept blowing it out.

▷ smother /ˈsmʌðəʳ/ [transitive verb]

to cover a fire with something in order to stop it from burning :

▪ If the victim’s clothes are burning, use a blanket to smother the flames.

6. people whose job is to stop fires

▷ firefighter /ˈfaɪəʳˌfaɪtəʳ/ [countable noun]

someone whose job is to stop fires burning :

▪ Firefighters rescued the children, who were trapped in an upstairs room.

▪ It took firefighters over two hours to put out the fire.

▪ Over 300 firefighters were killed when the North Tower collapsed.

▷ fireman /ˈfaɪəʳmən/ [countable noun] especially British

a man whose job is to stop fires burning :

▪ Two firemen died in a blaze.

▪ I wanted to be a fireman when I was a child.

▷ the fire brigade British /the fire department American /ðə ˈfaɪəʳ brɪˌgeɪd, ðə ˈfaɪəʳ dɪˌpɑːʳtmənt/ [singular noun]

the organization in a town or area that works to prevent fires and to stop fires burning :

▪ The fire brigade arrived promptly and the fire was quickly brought under control.

▪ Spending on police and fire departments accounts for about 55 percent of the city’s general fund.

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