Meaning of UP in English

UP

INDEX:

1. moving up to a higher place

2. looking, facing, or pointing upwards

3. to move upwards through the air

4. when something moves upwards into the air

5. to move up a slope or upstairs

6. when a road or path goes upwards

7. when the level of water goes up

8. when the sun or moon comes up into the sky

9. to move a part of your body upwards

10. to move up in a list

RELATED WORDS

opposite

↑ DOWN

when numbers, prices etc go up : ↑ INCREASE

see also

↑ POSITION/RANK

↑ SUCCEED/SUCCESSFUL

↑ CLIMB

↑ VERTICAL

↑ HIGH

◆◆◆

1. moving up to a higher place

▷ up /ʌp/ [preposition/adverb]

▪ The car went slowly up the hill.

▪ Lee gets out of breath just going up the stairs.

▪ There’s a great view from the top - you should go up and have a look.

up to/into/onto/over/at etc

▪ The fire sent clouds of smoke up into the sky.

▪ Don’t let the cat jump up onto the table.

▪ We made our way up to the top of the mountain.

straight up

▪ Serena was so scared she jumped straight up in the air.

up and down

▪ Pain was running up and down both his legs.

▷ upwards also upward American /ˈʌpwəʳd(z)/ [adverb]

towards a higher position, especially towards the sky :

▪ Alan grabbed hold of the ledge and began to climb upward.

▪ A few snowflakes fell toward the ground, then blew upward with the next gust of wind.

▪ The lighter material floats upwards, carrying heat to the surface of the liquid.

upward [adjective only before noun]

▪ She massaged my back with a light upward movement.

▷ uphill /ˌʌpˈhɪl◂/ [adverb]

towards a higher position by means of a road or path that goes up a hill :

▪ I don’t like cycling uphill.

▪ The children were running uphill towards the house.

▪ Our guide led us uphill along a steep trail.

▷ upstairs /ˌʌpˈsteəʳz◂/ [adverb]

towards a higher floor in a building by means of stairs :

▪ Lucy came rushing upstairs after her sister.

▪ Don’t go upstairs - Mom’s still getting dressed.

▪ Flora watched Mrs Brown staggering upstairs with a heavy tray.

▷ higher and higher /ˌhaɪər ənd ˈhaɪəʳ/ [adverb]

if something moves higher and higher, it continues to move towards a higher position in the sky :

▪ The moon rose higher and higher.

▪ The kite went higher and higher into the sky.

▪ I watched as the birds flew higher and higher, grew smaller, and then disappeared.

2. looking, facing, or pointing upwards

▷ upwards also upward American /ˈʌpwəʳd(z)/ [adverb]

▪ He held the palms of his hands upward as if he were asking forgiveness.

▪ A copy of the book lay on the table, its cover facing upwards.

▪ All eyes were turned upward toward the man standing on the ledge.

upward [adjective]

▪ Hector gave her an upward glance and then continued reading the paper.

▷ up /ʌp/ [adverb]

use this to say where someone or something is looking, facing, or pointing :

▪ Caroline looked up and laughed.

up at/into/from etc

▪ The boy turned and stared up at her.

▪ The receptionist hardly looked up from her book when I came in the office.

▪ We stood there for a moment, gazing up into the snow-covered branches of the tree.

straight up

▪ He was pointing his rifle straight up in the air.

▷ face-up /ˌfeɪs ˈʌp/ [adverb]

if someone or something is lying face-up, they are lying with their face pointing upwards :

▪ Police found the body lying face-up in the hall.

▪ He put all his cards face-up on the table.

3. to move upwards through the air

▷ go up /ˌgəʊ ˈʌp/ [verb phrase]

▪ Mervyn had never invited her to go up in his little plane.

▪ If you want to make the kite go up, pull the string hard, then release it slowly.

▷ rise /raɪz/ [intransitive verb]

to move straight up into the air :

▪ Hot air rises.

rise in/into

▪ A stream of water rose into the air, arched smoothly, and fell back into the pool.

rise up

▪ Clouds of smoke rose up into the air.

▷ ascend /əˈsend/ [intransitive verb] formal

to move up through the air :

▪ A huge flock of red-wing blackbirds ascended from their nests along the side of the road.

▪ He leaned out of an upstairs window and felt a current of warm air ascending from the street.

▷ climb /klaɪm/ [intransitive verb]

if a bird or a plane climbs, it gradually goes higher up into the sky :

▪ As the plane began to climb, Karen started to feel ill.

▪ The geese climbed high above us and set off on their long journey south.

▷ gain height /ˌgeɪn ˈhaɪt/ [verb phrase]

if an aircraft gains height, it gradually moves higher up into the sky :

▪ Investigators are uncertain why the plane failed to gain height after takeoff.

▪ Gliders use thermal up-currents to gain height.

▷ shoot up /ˌʃuːt ˈʌp/ [intransitive phrasal verb]

to suddenly go up into the air very quickly :

▪ Flames shot up into the air and clouds of smoke poured out of the windows.

▪ I saw a spray of white water shoot up into the sky and knew that there were whales nearby.

▷ soar /sɔːʳ/ [intransitive verb]

to go quickly upwards to a great height in the air :

soar upwards/up/above/into etc

▪ The ball soared high into the air.

▪ The snow goose flew down low over the field and then soared back up gracefully.

4. when something moves upwards into the air

▷ leave the ground /ˌliːv ðə ˈgraʊnd/ [verb phrase]

▪ Gunmen started firing at the helicopter as it left the ground.

▪ The plane had barely left the ground when it began to experience engine trouble.

▷ take off /ˌteɪk ˈɒf/ [intransitive phrasal verb]

if a plane or a bird takes off, it leaves the ground and start flying :

▪ Some ducks took off and flew along the river.

▪ We had to wait on the runway for a half an hour before we finally took off.

take off from

▪ The president’s plane took off from Andrews Air Force Base at 9:45 am.

takeoff/take-off /ˈteɪkɒfǁ-ɔːf/ [countable/uncountable noun]

▪ The takeoff and landing were a little rough, but the rest of the flight was very smooth.

▷ lift off /ˌlɪft ˈɒf/ [intransitive phrasal verb]

if a space ship lifts off, it leaves the ground and starts its journey into space :

▪ There was a burst of flame as the rocket lifted off into the sky.

▪ Thousands of people had gathered at Cape Canaveral to watch the rocket lift off.

lift-off /ˈlɪft ɒf/ [countable/uncountable noun]

▪ This is Houston. We have lift-off the rocket is now lifting off .

▷ blast off /ˌblɑːst ˈɒfǁˌblæst-/ [intransitive phrasal verb]

if a space ship blasts off, it leaves the ground with an explosion of fire and starts its journey into space :

▪ The space shuttle is set to blast off on a nine-day mission tomorrow at 4:18 a.m.

blast-off /ˈblɑːst ɒfǁˈblæst-/ [countable/uncountable noun]

▪ Minutes after blast-off the rocket exploded.

▷ launch /lɔːntʃ/ [transitive verb]

to send a rocket up into the air or into space :

launch a rocket/missile/satellite etc

▪ China is planning to launch a space rocket later this month.

▪ On the first day of the war over 400 missiles were launched.

launch [countable/uncountable noun]

▪ During the launch, two rockets boost the shuttle before separating and falling back into the sea.

5. to move up a slope or upstairs

▷ go up /ˌgəʊ ˈʌp/ [transitive verb not in passive]

▪ You have to go up two flights of stairs, and then it’s the second door on your right.

▪ Hundreds of people lined the street, cheering the runners as they went up the hill.

▷ climb/climb up /klaɪm, ˌklaɪm ˈʌp/ [transitive verb]

to go up a steep slope, especially with a lot of effort :

▪ The old man slowly climbed up the stairs to his room.

▪ We had to climb a pretty big hill to get to the temple.

climb [singular noun]

▪ The tour begins with a steep climb up one of the city’s many hills.

▷ ascend /əˈsend/ [transitive verb] formal

to go up a slope, a ladder, or stairs :

▪ He was turning to ascend the ladder to the engine room when the ship’s fire alarm sounded.

▪ Bianca walked regally across the hall and ascended the marble staircase.

6. when a road or path goes upwards

▷ go up /ˌgəʊ ˈʌp/ [verb phrase]

▪ The road goes up from the beach into the forest.

▪ I could see a tiny track going up ahead of us.

▷ climb /klaɪm/ [intransitive verb]

to go up steeply :

▪ The road climbs steadily, reaching 6,000 feet after 18 miles.

▪ The path climbs high into the hills above the village of Glenridding.

7. when the level of water goes up

▷ rise /raɪz/ [intransitive verb]

if the level of water rises, it goes up, especially in a way that causes danger, problems etc :

▪ The level of the water in the lake was rising fast.

▪ In 1956 the river rose to a height of more than 6 metres.

▪ The waves rose higher and higher till the rocks behind them were hidden.

▪ Floodwaters continue to rise as the rain continues to fall.

8. when the sun or moon comes up into the sky

▷ rise /raɪz/ [intransitive verb]

if the sun or the moon rises, it goes above the level of the horizon or it goes further up into the sky :

▪ A full moon rose over the valley.

▪ What time does the sun rise tomorrow morning?

▪ The moon rises nearly an hour later each night.

▪ By midday the sun had risen high in the sky and was burning down on us.

▷ come up /ˌkʌm ˈʌp/ [intransitive phrasal verb]

if the sun or the moon comes up, it moves above the level of the horizon :

▪ The moon came up slowly over the pine trees.

▪ The sun was coming up and you could just see the tops of the mountains.

9. to move a part of your body upwards

▷ raise /reɪz/ [transitive verb]

▪ She raised her head and looked at him.

▪ If you want to ask a question, please raise your hand first.

▪ ‘Oh really?’ Zack said, raising an eyebrow.

▷ lift/lift up /lɪft, ˌlɪft ˈʌp/ [transitive verb]

to raise part of your body such as your arm or your leg, especially carefully or with effort :

▪ Her shoulder muscles had become so weak that she could not lift her arms.

lift up something

▪ It took him a great deal of effort just to lift up his arm a few inches.

lift something up

▪ OK, now lift your right leg up as far as it will go.

▷ put up /ˌpʊt ˈʌp/ [transitive phrasal verb]

to raise your hand or arm :

put up something

▪ I gasped and put up a hand to cover my mouth.

▪ He swore at us and put up his fists as if he was going to punch one of us.

put something up

▪ Rachel put both her hands up to shield her eyes from the sun.

10. to move up in a list

▷ move up /ˌmuːv ˈʌp/ [intransitive/transitive verb]

▪ With this win Williams moves up to third place in the world rankings.

move up something

▪ FC Roma are slowly moving up the league table.

▷ rise /raɪz/ [intransitive verb]

to gradually move up in a list or group of people, teams, records etc :

▪ Hobson’s novel has risen steadily up the bestseller list since it’s release last August.

rise to

▪ Borland rose to the top of the computer software industry by a mixture of innovation and good marketing.

▷ climb /klaɪm/ [intransitive/transitive verb]

to move up in a list of teams, records etc, especially a long way up the list :

climb to

▪ Jennifer Lopez’s new single has climbed to number two in the US charts.

climb the table/charts etc

▪ Towards the end of the season Benfica suddenly climbed the league table and finished third.

▷ shoot up /ˌʃuːt ˈʌp/ [intransitive/transitive verb]

to move up very quickly in a list of people, teams, records etc :

shoot up in

▪ Since the debate Robertson has shot up in the polls.

shoot up something

▪ The new detective series quickly shot up the TV ratings.

Longman Activator English vocab.      Английский словарь Longman активатор .