Meaning of UP in English


Pronunciation: ' ə p

Function: adverb

Etymology: partly from Middle English up upward, from Old English ū p; partly from Middle English uppe on high, from Old English; both akin to Old High German ū f up and probably to Latin sub under, Greek hypo under, hyper over ― more at OVER

Date: before 12th century

1 a (1) : in or into a higher position or level especially : away from the center of the earth (2) : from beneath the ground or water to the surface (3) : from below the horizon (4) : UPSTREAM 1 (5) : in or into an upright position <sit up > especially : out of bed b : upward from the ground or surface <pull up a daisy> c : so as to expose a particular surface

2 : with greater intensity <speak up >

3 a : in or into a better or more advanced state b : at an end <your time is up > c : in or into a state of greater intensity or excitement d : to or at a greater speed, rate, or amount <prices went up > e : in a continual sequence : in continuance from a point or to a point <from third grade up > <at prices of $10 and up > < up until now>

4 a (1) : into existence, evidence, prominence, or prevalence (2) : into operation or practical form b : into consideration or attention <bring up for discussion>

5 : into possession or custody

6 a : ENTIRELY , COMPLETELY <button up your coat> b ― used as an intensifier <clean up the house>

7 : in or into storage : BY <lay up supplies>

8 a : so as to arrive or approach b : in a direction conventionally the opposite of down: (1) : to windward (2) : NORTHWARD (3) : to or at the top (4) : to or at the rear of a theatrical stage

9 : in or into parts

10 : to a stop ― usually used with draw, bring, fetch, or pull

11 : for each side <the score is 15 up >

Merriam Webster Collegiate English Dictionary.      Merriam Webster - Энциклопедический словарь английского языка.