/ ʌp; NAmE / adverb , preposition , adjective , verb , noun
HELP NOTE : For the special uses of up in phrasal verbs, look at the entries for the verbs. For example break up is in the phrasal verb section at break .
towards or in a higher position :
He jumped up from his chair.
The sun was already up (= had risen) when they set off.
They live up in the mountains.
It didn't take long to put the tent up.
I pinned the notice up on the wall.
Lay the cards face up (= facing upwards) on the table.
You look nice with your hair up (= arranged on top of or at the back of your head) .
Up you come! (= said when lifting a child) .
to or at a higher level :
She turned the volume up.
Prices are still going up (= rising) .
United were 3–1 up at half time.
The wind is getting up (= blowing more strongly) .
Sales are well up on last year.
to the place where sb/sth is :
A car drove up and he got in.
She went straight up to the door and knocked loudly.
to or at an important place, especially a large city :
We're going up to New York for the day.
( BrE , formal )
His son's up at Oxford (= Oxford University) .
to a place in the north of a country :
They've moved up north .
We drove up to Inverness to see my father.
into pieces or parts :
She tore the paper up.
They've had the road up (= with the surface broken or removed) to lay some pipes.
How shall we divide up the work?
We ate all the food up.
The stream has dried up.
so as to be formed or brought together :
The government agreed to set up a committee of inquiry.
She gathered up her belongings.
so as to be finished or closed :
I have some paperwork to finish up.
Do your coat up; it's cold.
( of a period of time ) finished; over :
Time's up. Stop writing and hand in your papers.
out of bed :
I stayed up late (= did not go to bed until late) last night.
( BrE )
He's up and about again after his illness.
( informal ) used to say that sth is happening, especially sth unusual or unpleasant :
I could tell something was up by the looks on their faces.
What's up? (= What is the matter?)
What's up with him? He looks furious.
Is anything up? You can tell me.
HELP NOTE : In NAmE What's up? can just mean 'What's new?' or 'What's happening?' There may not be anything wrong.
- be up to sb
- not be up to much
- up against sth
- up and down
- up and running
- up before sb/sth
- up for sth
- up to sth
to or in a higher position somewhere :
She climbed up the flight of steps.
The village is further up the valley.
along or further along a road or street :
We live just up the road, past the post office.
towards the place where a river starts :
a cruise up the Rhine
- up and down sth
- up yours!
[ only before noun ] directed or moving upwards :
an up stroke
the up escalator
[ not before noun ] ( informal ) cheerful; happy or excited :
The mood here is resolutely up.
[ not before noun ] ( of a computer system ) working :
Our system should be up by this afternoon.
■ verb ( -pp- )
[ v ] up and ... ( informal or humorous ) to suddenly move or do sth unexpected :
He upped and left without telling anyone.
[ vn ] to increase the price or amount of sth
SYN raise :
The buyers upped their offer by £1 000.
- up sticks
—more at ante
- on the up
- on the up and up
- ups and downs
Old English up(p) , uppe , of Germanic origin; related to Dutch op and German auf .