Meaning of FIRM in English


I. ˈfərm adjective

Etymology: Middle English ferm, from Anglo-French, from Latin firmus; akin to Greek thronos chair, throne

Date: 14th century


a. : securely or solidly fixed in place

b. : not weak or uncertain : vigorous

c. : having a solid or compact structure that resists stress or pressure



(1) : not subject to change or revision

(2) : not subject to price weakness : steady

b. : not easily moved or disturbed : steadfast

c. : well-founded

3. : indicating firmness or resolution

a firm mouth

• firm·ly adverb

• firm·ness noun

II. adverb

Date: 14th century

: in a firm manner : steadfastly , fixedly

III. verb

Date: 14th century

transitive verb


a. : to make secure or fast : tighten

firm ing her grip on the racquet

— often used with up

b. : to make solid or compact

firm the soil

2. : to put into final form : settle

firm a contract

firm up plans

3. : to give additional support to : strengthen — usually used with up

intransitive verb

1. : to become firm : harden — often used with up

2. : to recover from a decline : improve

the market is firm ing

IV. noun

Etymology: German Firma, from Italian, signature, ultimately from Latin firmare to make firm, confirm, from firmus

Date: 1744

1. : the name or title under which a company transacts business

2. : a partnership of two or more persons that is not recognized as a legal person distinct from the members composing it

3. : a business unit or enterprise

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.