Meaning of ROUND in English

I. rau̇nd adjective

Etymology: Middle English, from Anglo-French rund, reund, from Latin rotundus — more at rotund

Date: 14th century



(1) : having every part of the surface or circumference equidistant from the center

(2) : cylindrical

a round peg

b. : approximately round

a round face

2. : well filled out : plump , shapely


a. : complete , full

a round dozen

a round ton

b. : approximately correct ; especially : exact only to a specific decimal or place

use the round number 1400 for the exact figure 1411

c. : substantial in amount : ample

a good round price — T. B. Costain

4. : direct in utterance : outspoken

a round denunciation

5. : moving in or forming a circle


a. : brought to completion or perfection : finished

b. : presented with lifelike fullness or vividness

7. : delivered with a swing of the arm

a round blow


a. : having full or unimpeded resonance or tone : sonorous

b. : pronounced with rounded lips : labialized

9. : of or relating to handwriting predominantly curved rather than angular

• round·ness ˈrau̇n(d)-nəs noun

II. adverb

Date: 14th century

: around

III. noun

Date: 14th century


a. : something (as a circle, globe, or ring) that is round


(1) : a knot of people

(2) : a circle of things

2. : round dance 1

3. : a musical canon in which each part begins on the same note and is continuously repeated


a. : a rung of a ladder or a chair

b. : a rounded molding


a. : a circling or circuitous path or course

b. : motion in a circle or a curving path


a. : a route or circuit habitually covered (as by a security guard or police officer)

b. : a series of similar or customary calls or stops

making the round s of his friends — Current Biography

especially : a series of regularly scheduled professional calls on hospital patients made by a doctor or nurse — usually used in plural

7. : a drink of liquor apiece served at one time to each person in a group

I'll buy the next round

8. : a sequence of recurring routine or repetitive actions or events

went about my round of chores

the newest round of talks

9. : a period of time that recurs in a fixed pattern

the daily round


a. : one shot fired by a weapon or by each man in a military unit

b. : a unit of ammunition consisting of the parts necessary to fire one shot


a. : a unit of action in a contest or game which comprises a stated period, covers a prescribed distance, includes a specified number of plays, or gives each player one turn

b. : a division of a tournament in which each contestant plays an opponent

12. : a prolonged burst (as of applause)


a. : a cut of meat (as beef) especially between the rump and the lower leg — see beef illustration

b. : a slice of food

a round of bread

14. : a rounded or curved part

- in the round

IV. verb

Date: 14th century

transitive verb


a. : to make round


(1) : to make (the lips) round and protruded (as in the pronunciation of ü)

(2) : to pronounce with lip rounding : labialize


a. : go around

b. : to pass part of the way around

3. : encircle , encompass

4. : to bring to completion or perfection — often used with off or out

5. : to express as a round number — often used with off

11.3572 round ed off to two decimal places becomes 11.36

intransitive verb


a. : to become round, plump, or shapely

b. : to reach fullness or completion

2. : to follow a winding course : bend

- round on

V. preposition

Date: 1602

1. : around

2. : all during : throughout

round the year

VI. transitive verb

Etymology: alteration of Middle English rounen, from Old English rūnian; akin to Old English rūn mystery — more at rune

Date: circa 1529

1. archaic : whisper

2. archaic : to speak to in a whisper

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.