Meaning of ROUND in English

round 1

— roundness , n.

/rownd/ , adj., rounder, roundest , n., adv., prep., v.


1. having a flat, circular surface, as a disk.

2. ring-shaped, as a hoop.

3. curved like part of a circle, as an outline.

4. having a circular cross section, as a cylinder; cylindrical.

5. spherical or globular, as a ball.

6. shaped more or less like a part of a sphere; hemispherical.

7. free from angularity; consisting of full, curved lines or shapes, as handwriting or parts of the body.

8. executed with or involving circular motion.

9. full, complete, or entire: a round dozen.

10. noting, formed, or expressed by an integer or whole number with no fraction.

11. expressed, given, or exact to the nearest multiple or power of ten; in tens, hundreds, thousands, or the like: in round numbers.

12. roughly correct; approximate: a round guess.

13. considerable in amount; ample: a round sum of money.

14. brought to completeness or perfection.

15. full and sonorous, as sound.

16. vigorous or brisk: a round trot.

17. straightforward, plain, or candid; outspoken: a round scolding.

18. positive or unqualified: a round assertion.


19. any round shape, as a circle, ring or sphere.

20. a circular, ring-shaped, curved, or spherical object; a rounded form.

21. something circular in cross section, as a rung of a ladder or chair.

22. Sometimes, rounds . a completed course of time, series of events or operations, etc., ending at a point corresponding to that at the beginning: We waited through the round of many years.

23. any complete course, series, or succession: The strike was settled after a long round of talks; a round of parties.

24. Often, rounds . a going around from place to place, as in a habitual or definite circuit: a doctor's rounds.

25. a completed course or spell of activity, commonly one of a series, in some play or sport: the second round of a tournament.

26. a recurring period of time, succession of events, duties, etc.: the daily round.

27. an entire range: the round of human capabilities.

28. a single outburst, as of applause or cheers.

29. a single discharge of shot by each of a number of guns, rifles, etc.

30. a single discharge by one firearm.

31. a charge of ammunition for a single shot.

32. a single serving, esp. of drink, made more or less simultaneously to everyone present, as at table or at a bar: The next round is on me.

33. See round dance .

34. movement in a circle or around an axis.

35. Cookery.

a. Also, round of beef . the portion of the thigh of beef below the rump and above the leg. See diag. under beef .

b. Informal. See round steak .

36. a slice, as of bread.

37. Archery. a specified number of arrows shot from a specified distance from the target in accordance with the rules.

38. one of a series of three-minute periods making up a boxing match: a 15-round bout.

39. Music.

a. a short, rhythmical canon at the unison, in which the several voices enter at equally spaced intervals of time.

b. rounds , the order followed in ringing a peal of bells in diatonic sequence from the highest to the lowest.

40. Golf. a playing of the complete course.

41. Cards. a division of play in a game, consisting of a turn each for every player to bid, bet, play a card, deal the cards, or be dealt cards.

42. in the round ,

a. (of a theater) having a stage completely surrounded by seats for the audience.

b. in the style of theater-in-the-round: The play should be done in the round.

c. in complete detail; from all aspects: a character as seen in the round.

d. (of sculpture) not attached to a supporting background; freestanding.

43. make the rounds ,

a. to go from one place to another, as in making deliveries, paying social visits, or seeking employment.

b. Also, go the rounds . to be reported or told; circulate: another rumor making the rounds.


44. throughout or from the beginning to the end of a recurring period of time: all year round.

45. Also, 'round . around: The music goes round and round.


46. throughout (a period of time): a resort visited all round the year.

47. around: It happened round noon.


48. to make round.

49. to free from angularity; fill out symmetrically; make plump.

50. to bring to completeness or perfection; finish.

51. Jewelry. to form (a gem) roughly (sometimes fol. by up ); girdle.

52. to end (a sentence, paragraph, etc.) with something specified: He rounded his speech with a particularly apt quotation.

53. to encircle or surround.

54. to make a complete circuit of; pass completely around.

55. to make a turn or partial circuit around or to the other side of: to round a corner.

56. to cause to move in a circle; turn around.

57. Phonet.

a. to make the opening at (the lips) relatively round or pursed during an utterance.

b. to pronounce (a speech sound, esp. a vowel) with rounded lips; labialize.

c. to contract (the lips) laterally. Cf. spread (def. 14), unround .

58. Math. to replace by the nearest multiple of 10, with 5 being increased to the next highest multiple: 15,837 can be rounded to 15,840; then to 15,800; then to 16,000.


59. to become round.

60. to become free from angularity; become plump.

61. to develop to completeness or perfection.

62. to take a circular course; make a circuit, as a guard.

63. to make a turn or partial circuit around something.

64. to turn around as on an axis: to round on one's heels.

65. to reduce successively the number of digits to the right of the decimal point of a mixed number by dropping the final digit and adding 1 to the next preceding digit if the dropped digit was 5 or greater, or leaving the preceding digit unchanged if the dropped digit was 4 or less.

66. round off ,

a. to complete or perfect; finish.

b. to express as a round number, usually to the nearest multiple of 10.

67. round out ,

a. to complete or perfect: The new coin rounded out his collection.

b. to fill out; become rounder: She rounded out so nicely that everyone soon forgot she had been so ill.

68. round to , Naut. to turn a sailing vessel in the direction from which the wind is blowing.

69. round up ,

a. to drive or bring (cattle, sheep, etc.) together.

b. to assemble; gather: to round up all the suspects in an investigation.

[ 1250-1300; (adj.) ME rond, round ront, earlier reont rotundus round, circular (see ROTUND); (n.) ME, partly deriv. of the adj., partly rond, ronde (deriv. of ront ); (v.) ME, deriv. of the adj.; (adv. and prep.) ME, appar. aph. var. of AROUND ]

Syn. 9. whole, unbroken. 20. cylinder. 22. cycle, revolution, period.

Ant. 1. angular.

round 2

/rownd/ , v.t., v.i. Archaic.

to whisper.

[ bef. 1000; ME rounen, OE runian, deriv. of run a secret, RUNE 1 ]

Random House Webster's Unabridged English dictionary.      Полный английский словарь Вебстер - Random House .