Hungarian Karoly known as Charles Robert of Anjou
born 1288, Naples, Kingdom of Naples
died July 16, 1342, Visegárd, Hung.
King of Hungary (1301, 130842).
He claimed the Hungarian throne with papal approval and was crowned in 1301, but his claim was disputed, and he was not recognized as king until 1308. A courtly and pious ruler, Charles restored Hungary to the status of a great power. An alliance with Poland enabled him to defeat the Holy Roman emperor and the Austrians. He failed to unite Hungary and Naples but negotiated a pact providing that his eldest son would become king of Poland.