Meaning of CHARLES in English


known as Charles the Wise

born Jan. 21, 1338, Vincennes, France

died Sept. 16, 1380, Nogent-sur-Marne

King of France (1364–80).

He raised money to ransom his father, John II , from the English, under the terms of the Treaty of Brétigny . Crowned king on his father's death in 1364, Charles helped the country recover its losses in the first phase of the Hundred Years' War . When war with England broke out again (1369), he won a series of victories for the French that nullified the damaging treaties of 1360. The plots of his enemy Charles II (of Navarra) prompted him to seize most of the king's French lands. His support of Pope Clement VII helped cause the Western Schism .

Britannica Concise Encyclopedia.      Краткая энциклопедия Британика.