Meaning of CHARLES in English


known as Charles the Well-Beloved or Charles the Mad

born Dec. 3, 1368, Paris, Fr.

died Oct. 21, 1422, Paris

King of France (1380–1422).

Crowned at age 11, he allowed his uncles and advisers to rule France until 1388. He suffered fits of madness from 1392, and royal power waned as the dukes of Burgundy and Orléans grew stronger. The English invasion and victory at the Battle of Agincourt (1415) obliged Charles to sign the Treaty of Troyes (1420), which provided for the marriage of his daughter Catherine of Valois to Henry V of England, who was declared regent of France and heir to the French throne.

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