Meaning of SUPPLY in English


I. sə-ˈplī verb

( sup·plied ; sup·ply·ing )

Etymology: Middle English supplien to complete, compensate for, from Middle French soupplier, from Latin supplēre to fill up, complete, raise (a military unit, crew) to its full complement, substitute, from sub- up + plēre to fill — more at sub- , full

Date: 14th century

transitive verb

1. : to add as a supplement


[Middle French souploier, alteration of soupplier ]

a. : to provide for : satisfy

laws by which the material wants of men are supplied — Bulletin of Bates College

b. : to make available for use : provide

supplied the necessary funds

c. : to satisfy the needs or wishes of

d. : to furnish (organs, tissues, or cells) with a vital element (as blood or nerve fibers)

3. : to substitute for another in ; specifically : to serve as a supply in (a church or pulpit)

intransitive verb

: to serve as a supply or substitute

• sup·pli·er -ˈplī(-ə)r noun

II. noun

( plural supplies )

Date: 15th century

1. obsolete : assistance , succor


a. obsolete : reinforcements — often used in plural

b. : a member of the clergy filling a vacant pulpit temporarily

c. : the quantity or amount (as of a commodity) needed or available

beer was in short supply in that hot weather — Nevil Shute

d. : provisions, stores — usually used in plural

3. : the act or process of filling a want or need

engaged in the supply of raw materials to industry

4. : the quantities of goods or services offered for sale at a particular time or at one price

5. : something that maintains or constitutes a supply

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.